The Effects of Breakfast Consumption and Composition on Metabolic Wellness with

The effects of breakfast consumption and composition

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The Effects of Breakfast Consumption and Composition on Metabolic Wellness with a Focus on Carbohydrate Metabolism. Adv Nutr. 2016; 7(3): 613S 621S. doi: [10.3945/an.115.010314]; PMID: 27184288. 64. Iqbal K, Schwingshackl L, Gottschald M, et al . Breakfast quality and cardiometabolic risk profiles in an upper middle-aged German population. Eur J Clin Nutr . 2017; 71: 1312 20p. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2017.116 65. Mekary RA, Giovannucci E, Cahill L, et al . Eating patterns and type 2 diabetes risk in older women: Breakfast consumption and eating frequency. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013; 98: 436 43p. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.057521. 66. Mekary RA, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, et al . Eating patterns and type 2 diabetes risk in men: Breakfast omission, eating frequency, and snacking. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012; 95: 1182 9p. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.028209. 67. Sakurai M, Yoshita M. Skipping breakfast and 5 year changes in body mass index and waist circumference in Japanese men and women. Obes Sci Pract . 2017; 3(2): 162 70p. doi: [10.1002/osp4.106]; PMID: 28702211. 68. Nas A, Mirza N, Hagele F, et al . Impact of breakfast skipping compared with dinner skipping on regulation of energy balance and metabolic risk. Am J Clin Nutr . 2017; 105(6): 1351 61p. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.151332; PMID: 28490511. 69. Hoyland A, Dye L, Lawton CL. A systematic review of the effect of breakfast on the cognitive performance of children and adolescents. Nutr Res Rev . 2009; 22(2): 220 43p. doi: 10.1017/S0954422409990175. 70. Sunram-Lea SI, Foster JK, Durlach P, Perez C. The effect of retrograde and anterograde glucose administration on memory performance in healthy young adults. Behav Brain Res . 2002; 134(1 2): 505 16p. doi: 10.1016/S0166- 4328(02)00086-4. 71. Scholey AB, Harper S, Kennedy DO. Cognitive demand and blood glucose. Physiol Behav. 2001; 73(4): 585 92p. doi: 10.1016/S0031-9384(01)00476-0. 72. Messier C. Glucose improvement of memory: a review. Eur J Pharmacol . 2004; 490(1 3): 33 57p. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.02.043. 73. Morohoshi E, Adachi S. Effect of the different types of interventions on meal aimed to control the postprandial blood glucose levels: profiles of young healthy women monitored by the self-measuring method. J Jpn Health Med Assoc . 2015; 23: 279 88p.
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