Course Hero Logo

2 do the authorities agree with each other except for

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 278 - 280 out of 564 pages.

2. Do the authorities agree with each other (except for the occasional lone wolf) ?3. Can the person who appeals to the authority be trusted to report honestly and accuratelywhat the authority said?4. Can the authority be trusted to tell the truth on this topic?Only if you get ―yes‖ answers to these questions should you go ahead and accept what the authoritysays. Still, look before you leap. For example, all of us trust doctors to be authorities. They haveexpert knowledge that we do not have. What would you do, though, if you ventured into a doctor'soffice with symptoms of flu and the doctor said, "I'm sorry, but your leg has to come off right away;sign this release form, and we will get you straight into the hospital"? The principle of logicalreasoning that you apply at this moment is the following: When the stakes are higher, it is moreimportant to get better evidence before making the decision. Besides, you might learn that theauthorities disagree among themselves about whether your leg needs to be removed.Appeals to expert opinion will sometimes lead you to error. Even experts make mistakes. However,occasional slip-ups by the experts are no reason to quit using authorities as sources of knowledge.────CONCEPT CHECK────crackpot. Nevertheless, the possibility of getting significant help with most all our decisions from artificiallyintelligent beings is not ridiculous, but when it occurs we‘ll all know about it right away.
268You‘ve been asked to research living conditions in two large American cities, Kansas City andBaltimore, especially whether the cost of living of the average person is greater in one city or theother. The cost of living encompasses the cost of food, housing, car insurance, and other regularexpenses. Which person below would be most likely to give you the best answer or the bestsuggestion on where to go to get the answer?a.A local building contractor who owns land in Baltimore and who has recently built homesand apartments in both Baltimore and Kansas City.b.Your college's urban studies professor.c.Your uncle who lived in Baltimore for five years before moving to Kansas City last year.d.The personnel director of the company that offered you a new job this week in Kansas City.────188Here is a more difficult question about how to assess whether someone is an authority.────CONCEPT CHECK────Below is a brief biography of a person, followed by a list of topics. Rank the topics according to herexpertise in them, beginning with those on which she would be able to speak with the mostauthority.Judy Wilson is currently the director of government documents for the Library of Congressin Washington, D.C. Ten years ago she took a three-year leave from the library to co-directthe census for the Chinese government in Beijing. In 2001 she received a Ph.D. from the FoodResearch Institute at Stanford University, where she wrote her dissertation on current foodconsumption patterns throughout China. She published a book four years later onmathematical methods in geography and has published several scholarly articles on thewages and working conditions of women in Asia and Africa.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 564 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Logic, Juanita, Emilio

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture