HIST 103—Islam

680 hussein alis 2 nd son caused revolt shiites

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680 Hussein, Ali’s 2 nd  son, caused revolt (Shi’ites, partisans of Ali) Sunnis=Orthodox Muslims Dome of the Rock built where Muhammad ascended to Heaven Corruption-more “political than pious” Abu-al-Abbas led revolt 750 (descendant of Muhammad’s uncle) Abu-al-Abbas Abbasid dynasty (750-1258) Positive political, economic, social, and cultural changes Focus on religious orthodoxy Try to restore equality between Arab and non-Arab Muslims Began intermarrying w/ Arabs and non-Arabs New capital city at Baghdad in 762 Heavy Persian influence More influence on citizenship than warfare Preserver of knowledge Astronomy, medicine, etc. New ideas of kingship: Caliphs become more regal Kings more political leaders Autocratic More complex bureaucracy 
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Diwan (council to advise the caliph) Vizer (prime minister, head of diwan) Caliph behind a screen 9th and 10th Centuries—it all falls apart Political corruption Lax moral fiber Excess luxury Harems, 1000s of concubines Rampant divorce  Public consumption of alcohol Homosexuality not uncommon No enough Arabs They come to dominate and thus break away to establish Rebellions Fatimid clan in Egypt and North Africa 945 Seljuk Turks Nomads from central Asia Converted to Islam, serves as mercenaries
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680 Hussein Alis 2 nd son caused revolt Shiites partisans...

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