Huge resurgence of chinese nationalism fall of qing

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Huge resurgence of Chinese Nationalism - fall of Qing dynasty - New republic lacked legitimacy - huge tensions between people - nationalists and communists - both against any foreign intervention - Sun Yat-sen - anti-imperialist - workers unions, inspired by Bolshevik Rev. Post WWI - Trend towards mass participation in activities over how to define modernity - liberal, authoritarian, anti colonialist WWII: came from the unequal and unstable resettlement post-WWI - 1939 start - Germany invaded Poland - Britain and France opposed Germany: Nazi success early - Poland France, Norway, Belgium etc. , Axis Power - virtually controlled all Europe besides Britain - even towards Soviet Union - motivated by a crusade for a New World Order defined by RACE - Europe as a giant police state - but in 1942-1943 - Germany lost ground to Soviets in the East - Pushed Nazis westward - and Allied Forces defeated them in the West - Converged in Berlin in 1945 - surrender Japan: effort to expand into China - 2nd Sino-Japanese war in China in 1937-1945 - launched surprise attack on Pearl Harbor - tried to expand to Philippines - justified on a “pan-asian” and “anti- colonial” ground - driving out imperialism - but it was a facade of brutality Costs of War: Huge humans and material loss - huge civilian death rate - huge Jewish genocide - labor camps - Holocaust - intense mass murder of Jews - against all “lower” humans, powerful challenge to all Enlightenment Ideals US: once Japan hit Pearl Harbor, US entered War - military way more powerful - atomic Bombs - US bombers devastated major Japanese cities - Truman unleashed Hiroshima and Nagasaki - together demolishing 100,000s of people Cold War: post-WWII Power Vacuum - Us and Soviet Union rushed to Fill - trying to avoid full out warfare - Rebuilding Europe: A clash between Communism and Liberal Democracy - competing approaches to rebuilding states - new appeal of Communism - Soviets served as a beacon of liberation for some - US feared this - Truman began policy of containment - built up liberated colonized lands in an American view of Development - threw themselves into Cold war - Stalin v. Truman Germany and Berlin : split into two states - Democratic Federal Republic of Germany (West) and Communist German Democratic Republic in the East - wall built around Western Berlin - insulation of capitalist propaganda - symbol of Cold War USA: aid to countries in hopes to combat spread of Communism - securing a European Capitalist Future - launching the Marshall Plan - $13 bill. in aid - also created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - for trade and military alliance for US and Western Europe - 1949 Stalin responded with Warsaw Pact: Eastern European and Russian military pact Korean War 1950: atomic bombs changed military conquest forever - Soviet Union made own bombs, rush to make nuclear weapons - each had total destruction - taller conflicts represented bigger tensions Soviets backed North Korea : trying to invade south Korea - US invaded to push them back - UN troops advanced Chinese border, fighting ended in 1953 - Armistice divided country at 38th parallel

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