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41) Aldosterone is released from the ________ in response to ________.A) adrenal medulla : decreases in plasma sodiumB) adrenal cortex : increases in plasma potassiumC) posterior pituitary : increases in plasma osmolarityD) pancreas : increases in plasma glucoseE) macula densa : increased flow of tubular fluid in the distal tubuleAnswer: BDiff: 4 Page Ref: 55142) Which of the following is an effect of aldosterone on principal cells?DDiff: 5 Page Ref: 548
43) Which of the following is associated with actions of aldosterone on principal cells?BDiff: 4 Page Ref: 54844) Renin is released by ________ cells of the ________.BDiff: 5 Page Ref: 54845) What enzyme converts angiotensinogen into angiotensin I.A) Carbonic anhydraseB) Atrial natriuretic peptideC) Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)D) ReninE) MucinAnswer: DDiff: 4 Page Ref: 54846) What enzyme converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II.CDiff: 4 Page Ref: 54847) Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of angiotensin II?E
Page Ref: 548
48) Angiotensin II acts directly in the hypothalamus to stimulate what?ADiff: 5 Page Ref: 55049) Which of the following conditions is NOT responsible for stimulating the release of renin?A) decreased pressure within the afferent arterioleB) increase in sympathetic nerve activityC) decrease in sodium and chloride in the distal tubuleD) increased glomerular filtration rateE) decreased mean arterial pressureAnswer: DDiff: 5
Page Ref: 548