To identify the communication skills and techniques

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to identify the communication skills and techniques used in adialogue.The dialogue is a discussion between a counsellor and a patient.REFER toWorksheet 3.1 Stop and Go Dialoguefor more information about theactivityKey PointsEffective counselling involves using a number of basic, yet important, counselling skills.By practising these skills, counsellors can empower patients to succeed!EvaluationWhat are the different methods of counselling?What are the8 basic counselling skills?How are counselling skills used?
CMT 04101Communication and Counselling SkillsNTA Level 4 Semester 1Student ManualSession 3: Demonstrating Effective Counselling Skills28ReferencesMOHSW/NACP (2008).HIV and AIDS Voluntary Counselling and Testing: ParticipantManual. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, National AIDSControl Programme.MOHSW/NACP (2008).HIV and AIDS Voluntary Counselling and Testing: Trainer’sGuide.Dar es Salaam, Tanzania:Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, National AIDSControl Programme.MOHSW/NACP (2005).National Guidelines for Voluntary Counselling and Testing.Dares Salaam, Tanzania: Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, National AIDS ControlProgramme.MOHSW/NACP (2009).Provider Initiated HIV Testing and Counselling:Trainer’sManual. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania:Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, NationalAIDS Control Programme.
CMT 04101Communication and Counselling SkillsNTA Level 4 Semester 1Student ManualSession 3: Demonstrating Effective Counselling Skills29Handout 3.1: Types of CounsellingTypes of counselling:Individual counsellingGroup counsellingCouple counsellingIndividual counsellingIndividual counselling is a one-to-one helping relationship in which the counsellor helpsthe client to accept, own, solve or cope with the problem.Features of individual counseling includes client comes on his/her own or he/she isreferred from another counselor/sourceClientcoming for counselling may be an adult, youth or child who is:oAble to talk rationallyoMentally distraught – unable to think/talk rationallyoWith varied life experienceDuration of individual counsellingA helping relationship may be one, a few or many sessions.The setting in which the relationship occurs whether it is a counselling centre, VCTcentre/hospital.The nature and duration of individual counselling cannot be determineduntil the natureof the problem is clarified. But in most initial sessions begin in a similar way of stayingwith a client for 45 minutes to 60 minutes per session.Counselling relationship may terminate when a counsellor and client conclude asuccessful counselling relationship or client referral is madeGroup counsellingGroup counselling is a on-to-group helping relationship in which the counsellor workswith the group in seeking a solution to their common problem. Example couples isconsidered as groupGroup Counselling is designed to help clients in a group to achieve increased mutuality,

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