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·If Britain wants to tax colonists, they must allow colonists to vote inParliamentb)Boycott: A 2ndresponse to the Intolerable Acts was a colonial-wide boycott against all British goods (until the Intolerable Acts were repealed)2.Britain’s reaction to the Declaration of Resolves: King George III’s fury over the Resolves: “The New England Governments are in a state of Rebellion; warfare must decide whether they are to be subject to Britain or independent.”B.Lexington and Concord:Fearing imminent warfare, colonists began storing military weapons/supplies.1.“The British are Coming”: Colonial patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes shout outmidnight warnings of the arrival of a British regiment to seize the supplies stored in Concord, Mass.(b) The minutemen and the “Shot Heard Around the World” : As 700 British soldiers try to passthrough Lexington, they met the 70 colonial minutemen (ready on a “minute’s notice”).(i) Who fired the first shot?:
2. Major points to emerge from the 2ndContinental Congress:#1. A colonial continental army would be built: George Washington unanimously chosen as the commander of this army.#2. Olive Branch Petition: the 2ndCongress writes out a final, impassioned plea to King George for peace.-After bloodshed at Lexington, King George refuses to read the petition, and hires German soldiers (HESSIANS) to assist Redcoats in defeating American forces. II.Foreign Aid: Up against the world’s most powerful nation, the colonies desperately need foreign assistance. A.The French provide assistance:1.Secret assistance: Uncertain how successful the American revolt would be, France agrees to only aid the Americans in secret (by supplying gunpowder).2.Open assistance: After the Americans declared independence and won a key battle in Saratoga, France (on Feb. 7, 1778) openly proclaims themselves allies of the new American nation.- France now supplies money, supplies, troops, and the assistance of its powerfulnavy. III.Declaring Independence: A.Independence or Submission: In June of 1776, many colonists realized that surrender would mean 3 things:(1) total subjugation to Britain’s oppressive tax laws,