· If Britain wants to tax colonists, they must allow colonists to vote in Parliament b) Boycott : A 2 nd response to the Intolerable Acts was a colonial-wide boycott against all British goods (until the Intolerable Acts were repealed) 2. Britain’s reaction to the Declaration of Resolves : King George III’s fury over the Resolves: “The New England Governments are in a state of Rebellion; warfare must decide whether they are to be subject to Britain or independent.” B. Lexington and Concord : Fearing imminent warfare, colonists began storing military weapons/supplies. 1.“The British are Coming”: Colonial patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes shout outmidnight warnings of the arrival of a British regiment to seize the supplies stored in Concord, Mass. (b) The minutemen and the “Shot Heard Around the World” : As 700 British soldiers try to passthrough Lexington, they met the 70 colonial minutemen (ready on a “minute’s notice”).(i) Who fired the first shot?:
2. Major points to emerge from the 2 nd Continental Congress : #1. A colonial continental army would be built : George Washington unanimously chosen as the commander of this army. #2. Olive Branch Petition : the 2 nd Congress writes out a final, impassioned plea to King George for peace. - After bloodshed at Lexington, King George refuses to read the petition, and hires German soldiers ( HESSIANS ) to assist Redcoats in defeating American forces. II. Foreign Aid : Up against the world’s most powerful nation, the colonies desperately need foreign assistance. A. The French provide assistance: 1. Secret assistance : Uncertain how successful the American revolt would be, France agrees to only aid the Americans in secret (by supplying gunpowder). 2. Open assistance : After the Americans declared independence and won a key battle in Saratoga, France (on Feb. 7, 1778) openly proclaims themselves allies of the new American nation. - France now supplies money, supplies, troops, and the assistance of its powerful navy. III. Declaring Independence : A. Independence or Submission : In June of 1776, many colonists realized that surrender would mean 3 things: (1) total subjugation to Britain’s oppressive tax laws,
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