create nationalism (define by an opposition to the imperial West). China is depicted as stoically tolerating foreign oppression until it throws off its yoke in 1949. Evidence for this is seen by the focus on Japanese atrocities in WWII. Also, China gets back Hong Kong. 1999 Belgrade bombing increases this perception. Hence the very vocal backlash (we will no longer be victimized) 1983-84 - One Child policy brutally enforced. There is a huge backlash in the countryside. In response, the CCP tells cadres that they should be sensitive in implementing the policy. Exacerbates urban-rural divide. 1985 - Chiang Ching Kuo begins to negotiate an end to martial law to save his legacy. There was a lot of mobilization to have new, less out of touch leaders. 1987 - Democratic Progressive Party forms - significant because it was the first non KMT party. Chiang lifts all travel restrictions to PRC. He is under pressure to democratize after the assassination of a Taiwanese dissident in the US. 1987 - 1993 - Hu Jintao is successful in managing civil unrest in Tibet. Became very prominent because he showed his political skills as well as his technocratic skills. He was initially not heavy handed, but as things got out of hand he was able to show more force without looking repressive. 1987-1988 - Height of tensions about one child policy. Rural citizens are hostile to party and attack cadres over forced sterilizations and taxes associated with having multiple children. 1988 - Lee Teng-huai is a native Taiwanese and begins appointing native Taiwanese. Native Taiwanese culture begins to flourish. Movement for Taiwan to disassociate from China. 1989 - Free and competitive elections begin in Taiwan. 1989 - Tiananmen Square incident. Deng is originally tolerant but cracks down when it gets out of hand. Students begin mobilizing in response to rigged university elections. They demanded to talk to Liu Shaoqi, who was later blamed for it. Jiang Zemin later comes to power. 1990 - Shanghai Stock Exchange is formed with Jiang's blessing. 1990 - privatization of state owned enterprises, which, according to Prof. Dillon, was hugely important. Iron Rice Bowl is smashed, meaning pension plans and whatnot were destroyed. Many were laid off
because of bloated government programs. Implications -f or the first time, urbanites were not guaranteed the welfare they had become accustomed to. 1991 - White Paper conceptualizes subsistence rights as most important. This was an attempt to play to their strengths (economic growth) 1991 - Patriotic Education Campaign launched in response to 1989 Tiananmen Square incidence. It is passed in order to re-indoctrinate Chinese youths and prevent peaceful evolution (ie the death of the
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- Fall '11
- Government, Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Kuomintang, Chiang Kai Shek, child policy