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Death Without Weeping is a splendid book. The narrative moves from the scholarly exploration of one topic to another, provides wonderful descriptions of life in the shantytown, relentlessly drives home the thesis of the book, and punctuates the discussion with indignation and moral outrage. Scheper-Hughes, in a departure from conventional ethnography that refuses to “engage” with its subjects, challenges the basic assumptions of her subjects and offers assumptions of her own. For her, anthropology is an ethical and radical project that demands the compassionate and crusading involvement of the researcher in the lives of the people studied. She believes that traditional anthropological methodology has been an intrusion into the lives of peoples exploited by Western imperialism and argues that anthropology should try to free itself from Western cultural assumptions. She replaces those assumptions with another set of assumptions—those of a Marxist theoretical perspective. She is dogmatic in her convictions about human nature, the causes of human misery, and solutions to the problems. At times, her conclusions seem more informed by her biases than by her observations. Nevertheless, she makes a powerful case for another view of maternal-infant attachment and a significant contribution to an understanding of what it means to be a woman and a mother in an impoverished, violent society.