Solution to the lack of colonial officials Encomendar to entrust administrative

Solution to the lack of colonial officials encomendar

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Solution to the lack of colonial officials - Encomendar = to entrust; administrative (right to collect tribute and draft labor among the native population within a geographical area Encomendero Duties: 1) Defends the encomienda from external attacks 2) Maintain peace and order within the community 3) Support religious instruction 3 Types: 1) Royal Encomienda (directly own by the king 2) Church Encomienda 3) Private Encomienda Encomienda can be held for 2 generations 1721 - All vacant encomienda would pass on to the crown Abuses of the Encomenderos 1) Unfair collection of tribute “in kind” 2)Cheating the natives with underweight scales -Friars criticized the encomenderos and defended the natives -Alcaldia (municipal government; peaceful) Espanya ultra marina Spain over seas Encomienda - Temporary administrative system - Collection of tribute - 10 reales a)2 reales for Spain b)2 reales for the friars c)6 reales for the encomendero d)2 ½reales = 1 whole chicken - Abuse of encomenderos - 18 th Century gradual abolition of the Encomendera - Alcaldia (alcalde mayor; provincial government) Political Structure 1) El Rey (The King) 2) Consejo de Indies (overall ruler of overseas territories) 3) Viceroy de Mexico 4) Governor General 5) Real Audiencia (Royal Court) 6) Alcaldia (Alcalde Mayor) a) Pueblo (gobernadorcillo) b) Barangay (cabeza de barangay)
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7) Corregimiento a) Corregidor Peninsulares and Insulares Creoles/Criollo - Born in the colonies; pure Spaniards Meztizos - Half Spanish and half native Principalia - Native elite - Descendants of the datu class The King; Council of Indies and Viceroy of Mexico King (El Rey) - Madrid, Spain - Highest authority in the Spanish Empire Council of Indies - All governmental powers over the colonies - Recopilacion de las leyes de las Indias - Laws of Indies Viceroy de Mexico - The Philippines was governed through Mexico from 1565 to 1821 - 1821 Ministerio de Ultramar Central Government - Governor General - Appointed by the Viceroy of Mexico a) Miguel Lopez de Legazpi (first governor general; El Adelantado) - Representative of the King - Governor (civil administration) - El gobernador - Captain General (Commander of all armed forces) - President of the Audiencia (Overall judge) - Vice Royal Patron of the Church ( nominates Church vacancies and control the finances of the mission) - Patronato Real - Cumplase power to suspend a Royal Decree ( Obedezo pero no cumplas) Countervailing Institutions 1) Visita - Secret investigation on the current official done by the visitador-general 2) Residencia - Investigation of the outgoing officials - Audiencia and new appointee - First Archbishop Domingo de Salazar Local Government 1) Alcalde mayor, gobernadorcillo, cabeza de barangay 2) Provincial Government a) Alcaldia i. Alcalde mayor ii. Civilian b) Corregimiento i. Corregidor ii. Military official Alcalde-mayor - Appointed by the governor general - Open to the peninsulares - 30 years old and above - Literate - Judge, chief, of police, tribute collector - 1751 indulto de commercio (privilege to have business)
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Gobernadorcillo - Head of the town - Prinicipalia class -
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