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Behavior and choices are two other concepts related to Pender’s theory and her creation of the health promotion model. Situations and influences affect behavior which directly impacts choices in health and wellness. “To implement and evaluate health promotion actions, identifying, from the biopsychosocial context of each individual, the factors influencing the adoption of healthy behaviors,” (de Araújo, 2016). The importance of assessing the person wherethey are at and applying it to the multidimensional theory lends itself to more positive coping mechanisms, healthy behaviors, and better understanding of healthy living.Nola Pender’s Theory ImplicationHealth Promotion Model is a middle range theory as evidence by its more detailed and patient specific applications to nursing practice (Butts, 2015). This theory incorporates views from the nursing aspects as well as from behavioral sciences (Butts, 2015). The Health Promotion model is successful in including patient involvement as an important part of incorporating healthy behaviors and lifestyle changes (Butts, 2015).The Health Promotion Model assists nurses by providing a guideline for nursing assessment that includes assessment of the patient’s health beliefs and perceived benefits of health promoting behaviors (Peterson, 2016). Previous behaviors are also assessed to determine how well new behaviors can be developed (Peterson, 2016). In addition to assessment of the patient and their belief system, the nurse must also assess the environment and social interactionsas well as other influences that can have impact on health related behaviors (Peterson, 2016).Utilization of the health promotion model allows the nurse to create a patient specific plan of care related to the patient’s perception of health and behaviors. The patient can have an active part in creating attainable goals to improve their overall health. Patient education can be developed that is specific to that patient’s level of understanding and ability. This model can also
NOLA PENDER14be utilized on a larger spectrum to evaluate and create education for communities with specific health disparities (Peterson, 2016). The Health Promotion Model has been used frequently and successfully in nursing research. There are several different assessment instruments that have been developed for the purpose of research (Peterson, 2016).
NOLA PENDER15Review of ArticlesArticle 1McCutcheon, T., Schaar, G., & Karen, L. P. (2016). Pender's health promotion model and HPV health-promoting behaviors among college-aged males: Concept integration. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 20(1), 12-19. Retrieved from Pender’s Health Promotion Model and HPV Health-Promoting Behaviors amongCollege-Aged Males: Concept IntegrationThis article addresses several factors, first stating that HPV is the most common STI in the world (McCutcheon, et al., 2016). Additionally, the author describes in detail how Pender’s model was first implemented in 1982 and then revised in 1996. Moreover, the author also describes how the basis of Pender’s model is that of the holistic approach and that theory