Also these foreign countries were forced to bow

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Also these foreign countries were forced to bow before the emperor. (touching their heads to the ground) o Chinese trade with Western powers was defined by the Canton system confined to Western powers Canton – chinese city on the coast. The East India Company had restricted trade, and had a monopoly of trade with China. o They were only allowed to trade with about a dozen chinese trade houses These were named Hong Hong controlled Tariffs, what goods were sold, etc. This reinforced the belief that the Chinese thought they were the central kindom of the world. The only main good they had to trade was wool, but since Canton was so tropical... wool was not needed. So after trading silver for a while, Opium was replaced to re-balance the trade. o Opium was made in india. o Highly addictive o Valuable commodity o Smuggling/Piracy invited great business opportunity o The manchus tried to outlaw opium as early as 1729 o because it was so addictive and the huge demand, the Manchus were very ineffective in imposing a forceful ban against opium and its use o The opium trade increased quite rapidly into the 19 th century o The first opium war broke out in 1839 The import at this time for over a million lbs. o In 1838 the Emperor asked all officials to outlines solutions to the opium problem o One provincial official Lin Zexu was appointed Imperial Commisioner in 1839 in his proposal he outlined a number of things he thought China should do Destroy all the opium that could be confiscated Destroy all the opium pipes and paraphernalia. The chinese should develop medicines to deal with withdrawal symptoms anybody who delt in opium (foreign or Chinese) should have the death penalty One of the early actions he took... Was to draft a letter to the British Queen. In Lin's letter he pointed out to the queen; if Opium is illegal in England... Why do you feel its right to trade it into China? Lin wrote the letter with a strong confucsism tone,
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o it made it apparent that Lin believed in this idea that China was the center of the world The british opened fire in 1839 after the chinese had confiscated their opium supplies o The skirmishes lasted 3 years.
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