3. Eventually, Puritan churches baptized anyone
a. Distinction between the "elect" and other members of society
b. Strict religious purity was sacrificed for wider religious
-- Women began making up a larger % of congregations.
Salem Witch Trials
, 1692: Symbolized the decline of Puritan
a. Massachusetts suffered political, religious, and military
upheaval that led to widespread paranoia and unrest.
-- Many Europeans and colonists in 16
believed the devil worked through witches in the real world.
b. First accusations began when young girls, after listening to
voodoo tales from a black servant, began behaving oddly.
Witch hunt resulted in a reign of terror after certain
older women were accused of being witches
ii. The young female accusers were from the poor western part
of the community and accused the more prosperous people
in the eastern part.
c. After witch trials, 20 people were executed
, one of most prominent clergymen in
supported the witch trials, thus
weakening the prestige of the clergy.
V. Completing the New England Colonies
1. Williams built Baptist church at Providence (1st Baptist church in
a. Complete freedom of religion, even for Jews, Catholics and
b. No oaths required regarding one's religious beliefs
c. No compulsory attendance at worship
d. No taxes to support a state church
2. Provided simple manhood suffrage in the colony from the outset
-- Opposed to special privilege of any sort
3. Rhode Island saw immigration dissenters from Bay Colony which
led to most individualistic and independent population (along
with North Carolina).
4. Given charter from Parliament in 1644; squatters now had rights
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