Use space below for notes 3 eventually puritan

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3. Eventually, Puritan churches baptized anyone a. Distinction between the "elect" and other members of society subsided. b. Strict religious purity was sacrificed for wider religious participation. -- Women began making up a larger % of congregations. 4. Salem Witch Trials , 1692: Symbolized the decline of Puritan clergy a. Massachusetts suffered political, religious, and military upheaval that led to widespread paranoia and unrest. -- Many Europeans and colonists in 16 th and 17 th centuries believed the devil worked through witches in the real world. b. First accusations began when young girls, after listening to voodoo tales from a black servant, began behaving oddly. i. Witch hunt resulted in a reign of terror after certain older women were accused of being witches ii. The young female accusers were from the poor western part of the community and accused the more prosperous people in the eastern part. c. After witch trials, 20 people were executed d. Cotton Mather , one of most prominent clergymen in Massachusetts, tacitly supported the witch trials, thus weakening the prestige of the clergy. V. Completing the New England Colonies A. Rhode Island (1644) 1. Williams built Baptist church at Providence (1st Baptist church in America?) a. Complete freedom of religion, even for Jews, Catholics and Quakers. b. No oaths required regarding one's religious beliefs c. No compulsory attendance at worship d. No taxes to support a state church 2. Provided simple manhood suffrage in the colony from the outset -- Opposed to special privilege of any sort 3. Rhode Island saw immigration dissenters from Bay Colony which led to most individualistic and independent population (along with North Carolina). 4. Given charter from Parliament in 1644; squatters now had rights to land Use space below for notes:
B. Connecticut (founded in 1636) 1. May 1636, group of Boston Puritans led by Rev. Thomas Hooker moved into the Connecticut River valley area and founded the town of Hartford . a. Three valley towns of Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield established Connecticut colony. b. Hooker believed MBC gov't was too arbitrary and oppressive. c. His congregation also wanted more lands that MBC was unwilling grant. 2. New Haven founded in 1638 a. Founded by Puritans wanting stricter and closer church-gov't alliance than Massachusetts (in contrast to Hooker’s ideas) b. When the colony harbored two judges who condemned Charles I to death, Charles II sought revenge by granting colonial charter to Connecticut which merged New Haven with more democratic settlements in Connecticut Valley 3. Fundamental Orders drafted in 1639 by new Connecticut River colony a. First modern constitution in American history b. Established a democracy controlled by wealthy citizens i. Gov’t should be based on consent of the people. ii. Patterned after Massachusetts’ gov’t. c. Foundation for Connecticut’s colonial charter and later, its state constitution.

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