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Answer: TruePage: 18LO: 1217.Sociologist Talcott Parsons suggested that a division of labor between husband and wife isessential for family stability and social order. The wife/mother is responsible for the instrumental tasks, including housework, caring for the children, and providing emotional support for the entire family.Answer: FalsePage: 18LO: 12Rejoinder: This is the correct description of expressive tasks performed by the wife/mother; the husband/father performs the instrumental tasks, which involve leadership and decision-making responsibilities in the home and employment outside the home to support the family.18.Sociologist Robert K. Merton stated that manifest functions are intended and/or overtly recognized by the participants in a social unit. For example, a manifest function of education is the transmission of knowledge and skills from one generation to the next.Answer: TruePage: 19LO: 1219.C. Wright Mills believed that the most important decisions in the United States are made largely behind the scenes by the power superiors—a small clique composed of the top corporate, political, and military officials.Answer: FalsePage: 20LO: 755
Chapter 1Rejoinder: The correct term is power elite.20.According to feminist theorists, we live in a patriarchy, which is a system in which men dominate women and in which things considered to be “male” or “masculine” are more highly valued than those considered to be “female” or “feminine.”Answer: TruePage: 20LO: 1221.The conflict and functionalist perspectives focus primarily on microlevel (focuses on small groups) analysis; whereas, the symbolic interactionist approaches are based on a macrolevel (examines whole societies, large-scale social structures, and social systems) analysis.Answer: FalsePage: 21LO: 12Rejoinder: Conflict and functionalist perspectives focus on macrolevel analysis and symbolic interactionist perspective is based on microlevel analysis.22.From a symbolic interactionist point of view, a suicide attempt may be a way of moving toward other people in the form of a cry for help and personal acceptance, rather than a move toward death.Answer: TruePage: 23LO: 1223. With quantitative research, the goal is scientific objectivity, and typically emphasizes complex statistical techniques. For example, most sociological studies on suicide have compared rates of suicide with almost every conceivable variable, including age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education.Answer: TruePage: 24LO: 1324.Reliability is the extent to which a study or research instrument accurately measures what it is supposed to measure.Answer: FalsePage: 29LO: 8Rejoinder: This is the definition for validity; reliability is the extent to which a study or research instrument yields consistent results.