Q27 a significant number of complex repair jobs

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------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q27: A significant number of complex repair jobs carried out by Ace Repairs have to be reworked under the company’s warranty. The reworked jobs are invariably satisfactory. When initial repairs are inadequate, therefore, it is not because the mechanics lack competence; rather, there is clearly a level of focused concentration that complex repairs require that is elicited more reliably by rework jobs than by first-time jobs. The argument above assumes which of the following? A. There is no systematic difference in membership between the group of mechanics who do first-time jobs and the group of those who do rework jobs. B. There is no company that successfully competes with Ace Repairs for complex repair jobs. C. Ace Repairs’ warranty is good on first-time jobs but does not cover rework jobs. D. Ace Repairs does not in any way penalize mechanics who have worked on complex repair jobs that later had to be reworked. E. There is no category of repair jobs in which Ace Repairs invariably carries out first-time jobs satisfactorily. Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q28: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government 13
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using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen. In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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