COMM 274 “Narrative as a Formal System

Film does not just start it begins the opening

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Film does not just start, it begins; the opening provides a basis for what is to come and initiates us into the narrative a.i. In Medias Res : meaning “in the middle of things” in latin; the plot will see to arouse curiousity by bringing us into a serious of action that has already started
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b. Exposition : a plot that lays out important story events and character traits in the opening situation b.i. Opening raises our expectations by setting up a specific range of possible causes for and effects of what we see b.i.1. Setup : the first quaterer or so of a film’s plot c. Most patters of plot development depend heavily on the ways that cause and effects create a chage in a character’s situation d. Change in Knowledge : most common general pattern; a character learns something in the course of action; the most crucial knowledge coming at the final turning point of the plot e. Goal-Oriented Plot : a type of plot in which a character takes steps to achieve a desired object or state of affairs e.i. Searches : that which the plot is based off of; e.ii. Investigation f. Time or space may also provide plot patterns g. Deadline : a specific duration of time for the action created by the plot h. Space can also become the basis for a plot pattern; this usually occurs when the action is confined to a single locale i. For any pattern of development the spectator will creat specific expectations j. A film doesn’t simply stop, it ends; j.i. Climax j.ii. the narrative will typically resolve all casual issues by bringing the development to a high point or climax j.iii. The climaz aims to life the viewer to a high degree of tension or suspense Narration: The Flow of Story Information A. Narration : the plot’s way of distributing story information in order to achieve specific effects; the moment-by-moment process that guides us in building the story out of the plot a. Range and Depth of story information are the most important factors of narration that the plot presents B. Plot may arrange cues in ways that withhold information for the sake of curiosity or surprise; the plot can also supply information in such what to create suspense or expectations C. Range of Story Information a.
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  • Fall '12
  • Coffman
  • Narratology, Narrative Construction

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