AFL grow bc unionization of auto industry/mass production industriesb)AFL convention 1935- John L. Lewis & Sidney Hillman form Committee of Industrial Organization (CIO)-organize mass-production workers by in-dustry, not my craft, include all skill levels, blacks & women(1)Focus first on steel & auto industries; communists/radicals important part of CIO(2)Sit down strike popular in auto/rubber workers->Flint sit down strike at GM=success-->United Automobile Workers(3)Memorial Day Massacre in Chicago-Republic Steel Mill strike turned violent 9
IV. The New Deal in the Sound and West: New Deal impact S & W most, help south im- prove farming industry, reorganize new patterns of labor/agribusiness; public programs introduced rural southerns to electricity; W=more welfare, work relief, loans reshaped agriculture/water&energy sources/Indian policy--> “Sunbelt” A. Southern Farming and Landholding: 1. Southern farms=mostly sharecroppers/tenants-few earned cash income a) Dominance of cotton/tobacco glut market, keep crop prices down-->AAA boost prices-take land out of production for subsidies-went to large landowners b) Most landowners don’t share subsidies w/ sharecroppers/tenants 2. Southern Tenant Farmers Union (STFU)-1934, important voice of collective protest against AAA programs, protested evictions, strikes, challenged land- lords, national attention-sharecroppers/tenants plight-fail influence national farm policy 3. Landowners use cash buy machines-->lower demand for labor, increased evic- tions--> unemployed go to cities for jobs B. Rural Electrification and Public Works: 1. New Deal bring electric to South- Tennessee Valley Authority and Rural Elec- trification Administration make electricity available a) TVA-powerful symbol of how public investment/gov planning significant- ly improve lives of ordinary Americans b) Reduced consumer electric rates-provide cheaper alternative to private utilities c)
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