Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

101 draw up guidelines for subsistence agriculture

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(101) Draw up guidelines for subsistence agriculture the kinds of farm work that are appropriate for children, those that are not, and what potential hazards exist in the work and how it can be avoided – ie addressing the same factors as in (100). Lead institution: DL. Secondary institutions: DA, DrSD; Trade Unions. New policy? Yes. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within three years of adoption of policy. (102) Training children, parents, teachers, trade unions and employers on (a) occupational safety and health, including regulations issued in terms of (100), children's rights and general resources available, and (b) also training subsistence farmers on the hazards of subsistence farming, and the guidelines drawn up in terms of (101). Lead institution: DL; Secondary institutions: DE, DSD, DH and NGOs. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minimal. Recurrent cost: minimal to moderate. ILO funding: cover the cost of developing a strategy and the necessary material. Time line: within three years of adoption of policy. (103) Removing children from hazardous work and providing counselling and skills training to facilitate reintegration in family life and make alternative productive employment possible in the long term. While DL can identify instances where children need to be removed from work situations, departments responsible for Social Development would handle the actual removal and facilitate reintegration of the child into family life. Lead institution: DL. Secondary institutions: DSD. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within four years of adoption of policy. (104) Providing for mandatory medical check-ups as part of any contract involving child workers. Lead institution: DL. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minimal. Recurrent cost: minimal. Time line: within two years of adoption of policy. . (105) Identifying work-related diseases and workplace factors causing illness and injury, drawing specifically on the support and advice of DH. Lead institution: DL. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minimal. Recurrent cost: nil. Time line: within two years of adoption of policy. (106) Making certain that Health and Safety legislation ensures that piecework, task work and subcontracting does not leave children vulnerable to exploitation or exposure to unacceptable risk. Lead institution: DL. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minimal. Recurrent cost: nil. Time line: within four years of adoption of policy. (107) Work-related diseases, or injuries of young people, or identifying of factors in the workplace which have the potential to cause harm are correctly diagnosed and treated by health workers. Health services need to be accessible, not only in terms of geography and hours of operation, but also in terms of social accessibility – language, attitudes, etc. This will require close collaboration with the DH. Lead institution: DL.
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