Doing so at the expense of african lives use of

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Doing so at the expense of African lives---use of military force to inspire terror and maintain control over African labor forces Militarization of the Congo Armed soldiers to keep the enterprises going Overlook the brutal practice of hand mutilation and abuse towards the Africans Tribal militias Extraction of rubber through military force Came from the background of cannibalism Military that rape, murder, etc. to their own content Labor by the gun-soldier behind each laborer Hand mutilations Cutting of hand when africans did not meet the standards of extracting the rubber needed--many were women King Leopold's rationale for this practice: there's not much we can do, this is African traditional custom to take war
trophies such as hands, prisoners this rationale disproven bc militias carried baskets of hands to show to their European officers used to account for how many bullets used. Cut off a hand to show that they didn't waste bullets, hands were a bullet count Europeans’ greed instilled this “heart of darkness” in the Africans, not innate Morel's verdict Would haul basket of hands to show every bullet wasn't used in vain Never any mention of mutilation in African tradition Joseph Conrad Wrote HOD based on the imperialism he saw when he traveled to the Congo Conrad’s personal experience as a young, anive agent of imperialism Almost biographical, diaries he kept on journey Scathing critique of imperialism Blurring distinction b/w civilized and savage Heart of Darkness is what Europeans carried with them to Africa Africa as playground for European’s id of greed and desire to fuel their ego Symbol of Thames as “navel” of imperialism Every imperial nature started there Navel as connection by umbilical cord--so whatever savagery performed in the colonies will come back to haunt you Heart of darkness pervades all Marlow’s aunt Believes in the Country’s “civilizing mission”- sips tea out of fine china Represent European living in comfort under the savagery of colonies in Africa; ignorance of issue Kurtz’s outpost Heads are stuck on spears outside his post, symbolizing his devolution from the idealistic civilized European to a savage “International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs” wants to produce a manual to teach other Europeans how to deal with savages white men must protect themselves as a supernatural deity, civilization at all costs runs the danger of excessive indulgence he falls prey to his ego and indulges in being a god Marlow’s lie to the Intended Kurtz last words were “the horror, the horror” but marlow told his intended that his last words were her name intrinsic lie of colonialism, ignoring evil of colonialism and justification them in the name of wealth
Britain’s Economic Motives in India British East India Company 17th century moguls Established certain fortified trading posts along coastlines Monopoly over all British trade w India since 17th century Sepoy Mutiny 1857

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