Exercise 6 6 1 scare tactics 2 argument from pity 3

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Exercise 6-6 ▲1. Scare tactics 2. Argument from pity 3. No fallacy ▲4. Scare tactics and red herring; the latter ecause a reason to fly is irrelevant to whether you should fly Fracaso 5. Peer pressure/groupthink 6. Guilt trip ▲7. Appeal to tradition 8. Argument from outrage 9. Groupthink ▲10. Nationalism Exercise 6-7 1. b 2. e 3. d 4. e 5. e, although "classic" may be a euphemism here 6. d ("mere") 7. b IM – 6&7 | 3
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8. c Exercise 6-8 ▲1. No fallacy 2. Peer pressure 3. Argument from outrage, and a miffed appeal to popularity ▲4. No fallacy 5. Apple polishing 6. Groupthink/appeal to popularity ▲7. Argument from outrage 8. Scare tactics 9. Red herring ▲10. Scare tactics and red herring. This combination shows up frequently (e.g., in 6-6, #1; 6-7, #8) 11. Apple polishing 12. There is a slight appeal to pity here, but we think this is a fairly legitimate appeal, especially given the claim about no raises in five years. ▲13. Red herring, and a lame one at that 14. The third item is an appeal to popularity. Whether lots of people favor one side of this issue does not strike us as relevant to whether that side is correct. ▲15. Red herring 16. No fallacy 17. Red herring, and a dumb one 18. Appeal to pity, but we’d be willing to hear the speaker out ▲19. Rationalizing, red herring, a bit of appeal to common practice 20. Red herring. The criticisms given of Alexander are not irrelevant to what kind of person he was, nor whether he benefitted unduly from his position. But these criticisms are not directly relevant to whether he did any good for American education. 21. This is best described as ridicule. ▲22. The most obvious fallacy present here is the scare tactics we see from Rep. Welker. He is also guilty of a slippery slope fallacy, discussed in the next chapter. Under one interpretation of the situation, one might also find Rep. Paccione guilty of a red herring, since the original point of the news conference was whether there should be a constitutional amendment barring gays and lesbians from marrying, and Rep. Paccione introduces a separate issue having to do with health care. But her claim—that, as long as the health care issue remains unsolved, it is not good policy to argue about other matters such as same-sex marriage—is relevant. Whether it’s true is another matter; argument would be necessary to establish that. 23. Two wrongs make a right IM – 6&7 | 4
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Chapter 7 Exercise 7-1 ▲1. Inconsistency 2. Inconsistency 3. Poisoning the well ▲4. Genetic fallacy 5. Genetic fallacy 6. Inconsistency ▲7. Circumstantial 8. Circumstantial 9. Circumstantial. Notice that the real problem here is that there is no evidence the sins of the son should be visited on the father. 10. Not surprisingly, we don’t think so. ▲11. Personal attack, with some sarcasm thrown in for good measure 12. Circumstantial, with a bit of well-poisoning Exercise 7-3 ▲1. Begging the question 2. Perfectionist fallacy 3. False dilemma ▲4. Straw man 5. Perfectionist fallacy 6. Poisoning the well ▲7. Straw man 8. Circumstantial ad hominem 9. Begging the question ▲10. Line-drawing fallacy Exercise 7-4 ▲1. Circumstantial ad hominem 2. Begging the question 3. Slippery slope
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