with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue (such as an open wound or the mucous membranes found inside the mouth). Environment- There are a number of socioeconomic factors that can impact the spread of HIV opens in new windowwithin a community. Communities with higher concentrations of sexually transmitted diseases and lower incidences of reporting — due to social pressure or otherwise — allow HIV to flourish. Poverty limits access to care and treatment, and discrimination can discourage individuals from being tested or seeking care d. Levels of influence (individual, environment/community, systems), and also levels of prevention:primary, secondary, tertiary (examples of each)Primary prevention- preventing pregency with sex ed classes educating kidsSecondary prevention- birth control and condomsTertiary prevention- clincial check up, talking to a docotrPrimary prevention- legislation and enforcement to ban or control the use of hazardous products (e.g. asbestos) or to mandate safe and healthy practices (e.g. use of seatbelts and bike helmets) education about healthy and safe habits (e.g. eating well, exercising regularly, not smoking) immunization against infectious diseases. Secondary prevention- regular exams and screening tests to detect disease in its earliest stages (e.g. cancer screening) daily, low-dose aspirins and/or diet and exercise programs to prevent further heart attacks or strokes uitably modified work so injured or ill workers can return safely to their jobs. Tertiary prevention- cardiac or stroke rehabilitation programs, chronic disease management programs (e.g. for diabetes, arthritis, depression, etc.) support groups that allow members to share strategies for living well vocational rehabilitation programs to retrain workers for new jobs when they have recovered as much as possible.
5) Some of the challenges and factors related to public health policy, action and success:
b. Broad societal awareness about health and “outrage” over trespasses against it: does our country (and