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(Latin for ‘I will rise again’) on Helen’s grave, some fifteen years after her friend’s death). Jane frequently prays and calls on God to assist her, particularly in her trouble with Mr. Rochester. She prays too that Mr. Rochester is safe. When the Rivers’ housekeeper, Hannah, tries to turn the begging Jane away, Jane tells her that “if you are a Christian, you ought not consider poverty a crime.” The young evangelical clergyman St. John Rivers is a more conventionally religious figure. However, Brontë portrays his religious aspect ambiguously. Jane calls him “a very good man,” yet she finds him cold and forbidding. In his determination to do good deeds (in the form of missionary work in India), St. John courts martyrdom. Moreover, he is unable to see Jane as a whole person, but views her only as a helpmate in his proposed missionary work. Mr. Rochester is far less a perfect Christian. He is, indeed, a sinner: he attempts to enter into a bigamous marriage with Jane and, when that fails, tries to persuade her to become his mistress. He alsoconfesses that he has had three previous mistresses. In the end, however, he repents of his sinfulness, thanks God for returning Jane to him, and begs God to give him the strength to lead a purer life.Much of the religious concern in Jane Eyre has to do with atonement and forgiveness. Mr. Rochester is tormented by his awareness of his past sins and misdeeds. He frequently confesses that he has led a life of vice, and many of his actions in the course of the novel are less than commendable. Readers may accusehim of behaving sadistically in deceiving Jane about the nature of his relationship (orrather, non-relationship) with Blanche Ingram in order to provoke Jane’s jealousy. His confinement of Bertha may bespeak mixed motives. He is certainly aware that inthe eyes of both religious and civil authorities, his marriage to Jane before Bertha’s death would be bigamous. Yet, at the same time, Mr. Rochester makes genuine efforts to atone for his behaviour. For example, although he does not believe that heis Adele’s natural father, he adopts her as his ward and sees that she is well cared for. This adoption may well be an act of atonement for the sins he has committed.
He expresses his self-disgust at having tried to console himself by having three different mistresses during his travels in Europe and begs Jane to forgive him for these past transgressions. However, Mr. Rochester can only atone completely — and be forgiven completely — after Jane has refused to be his mistress and left him.The destruction of Thornfield by fire finally removes the stain of his past sins; the loss of his left hand and of his eyesight is the price he must pay to atone completely for his sins. Only after this purgation can he be redeemed by Jane’s love.Deus ex machine:It can be roughly translated as "God made it happen," with no further explanation, and, depending on usage, is primarily used to move the story forward when the writer has "painted themself into a