The dual systems model proposes that two powerful sys tems are at work in

The dual systems model proposes that two powerful sys

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The dual systems model proposes that two powerful sys- tems are at work in adolescent thinking: a socioemo- tional system and a cognitive control system. The socioemotional system is dominated by reward- seeking parts of the brain while the cognitive control sys- tem relies on logic, planning, and other executive func- tions. The socioemotional system tends to dominate thought processes until mid-adolescence. School plays an important role in cognitive and social de- velopment during adolescence. Earning a high school diploma is an important develop- mental task that all adolescents should be able to
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achieve. On the other hand, dropping out has serious fi- nancial and social ramifications. Brief Defining: Click on the blanks to reveal answer! 1.Explain the two types of distorted thinking that are part of adolescent egocentrism: the personal fable and the imaginary audience.The the personal fableis the false belief sometimes held by adolescents that they are uniquely important and indestructible while the the imaginary audienceis the false belief often held by adolescents that all at-tention is focused on them. 3. Define the following key term: intentional self-regulation. intentional self-regulation includes goal-directed be- haviors that attempt to reconcile the external demands and resources in the environment with personal goals; this becomes increasingly important throughout adoles- cence. Multiple Choice: Click on the question to reveal answer! 1. Shulman’s Dual Systems Model proposes that two sepa- rate functions are at work in the adolescent brain, coming into play when adolescents are faced with emotionally charged situations. The _________ system contains the reward-seeking parts of the brain, focus- ing on the reward rather than the risk involved, while the _________ system utilizes brain structures that curb impulsive behavior. The latter is less strong in early to mid-adolescence as it grows at a more gradual pace. A. Selection; CompensationB. Cognitive control; selectionC. Optimization; socioemotionalD. Socioemotional; cognitive control 2. Successful completion of school helps set up adolescents for future success. Programs have been created to aid students in navigating school _________ and to mini-
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mize risk factors that contribute students _________ of school altogether. A. Transitions; dropping out B. Peer relationships; quitting C. Courses; transitions D. Challenges; accelerating
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  • Spring '08
  • Brown

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