assessment case establishment case definition and determination of immunisation

Assessment case establishment case definition and

This preview shows page 6 - 8 out of 13 pages.

assessment – case establishment, case definition, and determination of immunisation status– are applicable to evaluation of all inoculations. Ethical Considerations The design, testing, and distribution of vaccines pose complex ethical dilemmas for policymakers, especially in regions with high levels of scepticism regarding government health programs. Ethical dilemmas are inherent in various aspects of vaccinations and a number of options must be considered before a vaccine is deployed ( Greenwood, Salisbury, and Hill, 2011). Vaccination may be a lifesaving initiative, but without balancing the common good and individual good, its intents may be riddled with failure. Informed Consent To begin with, informed consent is an important consideration that should form the basis of any public health intervention, especially vaccination. Getting valid consent from citizens prior to a medical intervention is a duty under the principle of respect for the people’s autonomy.
Image of page 6
Pneumococcal Vaccination 7 In non-emergency settings, the process is meticulous and takes a lot of time. However, during crises, it can be restructured to minimise delays in care provisions. According to Holland (2015), information pertaining to the benefits and risks of inoculations must be communicated to target population to allow people to make informed decisions. The amount of information must also be weighed against the risks of delays in action; however, all concerns raised by the targeted community must the thoroughly addressed to remove any signs of doubt before the intervention can proceed ( Dubé et al., 2013). What is more, inoculation ought to be voluntary unless its dispensation is critical in “preventing a concrete and serious harm” and the extent of risks need to define the extent to which consensual rights can be restricted. Non-Maleficence and Beneficence All decisions that touch on the society’s wellbeing must entail a balance between non- maleficence (avoiding or minimising harm) and beneficence (doing good). In light of this, only inoculations that have been verified to be safe and efficient can be considered for mass administration. Such vaccinations not only protect people against illnesses but also confer extra benefits through herd immunity, which lowers the spread of disease beyond the coverage threshold. Hajj Hussein et al. (2015) mention that vaccines are often administered before citizens get into contact with disease-causing pathogens. In this regard, pointless vaccinations put people at risk of side effects and as such, the risks of illnesses must justify vaccination. Nonetheless, in the community, the principle of non-maleficence may be compromised due to errors of commission or omission. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that vaccines are administered properly to ensure the society is not put at risk of contracting vaccine-preventable ailments.
Image of page 7
Image of page 8

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 13 pages?

  • Spring '20
  • Gust, Plotkin

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors