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Forcible Rape oWhen rape is carried out under the threat of bodily injury oRapists often inflict more violence on their victims than is necessary to achieve their goals oSome harbour deep-seated resentment or outright hatred of womenOr they want without concern for the feelings of the victim or guilt about their deed oTypical after effect for the victim includeRage, guilt, depression, loss self-esteem, shame, sexual adjustment problems and a last mistrust of male-female relationships
They often suffer depression, alcohol or drug abuse, and emotional problems later in lifeoIt is important to be aware that men can also be the victims of rape, especially homosexual rape oRape is also very violent in jailoThere is no pleasure in rape for victims, it is a despicable crime11.10 STDs and Safer Sex – What impact have sexually transmitted diseases has n sexual behaviour?-Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)oAn infection passed from one person to another by intimate physical contact. Sexually active people run higher risk for chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, herpes, syphilis, and other STDs oThey often remain asymptomatic – lacking obvious symptoms It’s easy to have an infection without knowing itoRisky sex is a serious hazardoHIV disables the immune systemoMost STDs are treatable, HIV can be lethal-HIV/AIDSoAIDS is caused by an HIV infectionoAs the immune system weakens other opportunistic diseases invade the bodyoMost AIDS victims eventually die of multiple infectionsoAIDS has long incubation period oHIV is spread via blood, semen and vaginal secretions oHIV/AIDS can be spread in any orientationBut has spread quickly among heterosexuals, women, African Americans,Hispanics and children-Populations at RiskoHomosexuals and bisexual men, shared needles, hemophiliacs, and people with multiple partners – people who engage in unsafe sex are gambling with their lives-Behavioural Risk Factors for STDsoUnprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex with an infected partner
oHaving two or more sexual partners oSex with someone you don’t know well, or has had several partnersoSex with someone you know injects drugs oSharing drug needles and syringes 2-4% of adults but themselves at high risk by engaging in these behavioursMany people are surprised to learn their partners are infectedoSafer Sex PracticesNot having sexSex with one mutually faithful, infected partnerNot injecting drugsDiscussing contraception with your partnerBeing selective regarding sexual partnersReducing number of sexual partnersDiscussing your partner’s sexual health prior to engaging in sex Not engaging in sex while intoxicatedUsing a condomImproper use of a condom is a big issue in STDsMost sexually active teenagers use them incorrectly or not at alloRates for many STDs are increasing in gay menoSTD rates also peak in college/university students as they engage in riskier behaviour