Question 4 a most states considered a bill of rights

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Question 4 a. Most states considered a bill of rights a vital component of their new constitutions as a safeguard against encroachment of citizens’ fundamental rights. b. Correct answer. States placed the greatest amount of power—and trust—in the legislatures, which they considered the direct representatives of the people and the most democratic. c. The majority of states regarded the annual election legislators as a way to keep leaders in touch with the mood and needs of the public. d. Distrust of monarchy before the Revolution led states to establish weak executive branches. e. States limited the power of the judiciary, much as they did with the executive branch, because they feared the arbitrary and capricious nature of judicial decisions. Question 5 a. While some merchants and entrepreneurs prospered, with profits as high as 300 percent in some cases, a few well-placed people ended the war economically better off than before, but they were the exception rather than the rule. b. Correct answer. With runaway inflation and a series of failed economic policies, most American citizens were financially worse off after the Revolution than before the war. c. During the war, Americans were mostly cut off from British imports, and after the war, American ships were banned from British ports. d. Most Americans did not fare as well after the war; some formerly wealthy joined the ranks of the poor, even while others profited from the war. e. Farming was still the occupation for the majority of the nation, despite the development of some manufacturing during and after the war. Question 6 a. Slavery would become an increasingly divisive and contentious issue through the Constitution and certainly well beyond, but it did not threaten the prospect of passing the Articles of Confederation. b. The organization of the federal government was not a major bone of contention since there was no executive branch and the judiciary was left to the states.
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c. The articles allowed the states to render their own tariffs and gave Congress no power to enforce its taxation policies. This kept the federal government weak, as was desired by colonists who had developed a distrust of central government under British rule. d. States rights were built into the Articles; under the Articles, the states retained their independence, and although there was a central government, it could not compel the states to go along or act upon the citizens of a state. e. Correct answer. Six states without western lands threatened not to sign, fearing that the possession of territory would give these seven states unfair economic advantage in dealing with war debts because they could sell them off to cover their expenses, where non-landholding states would have to raise money via taxation. To encourage their signing, Congress agreed to sell these lands for the benefit of all states.
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