Learning with software website 1996 suggested that

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Learning with Software website (1996) suggested that with the use of software in learning, but it focused more on pedagogical strategies of incorporating ICT in teaching: a) Rotational use of computers, Needs-only basis, b) Computer as reward, c) Computer use on contract, d) Computer as electronic blackboard, e) Integrating the computer, f) Computer as surrogate teacher, g) Computer as cognitive tool. El-Hindi (1998) conducted study on ‘Constructivist teaching with Internet’. He assumed that learning through the Internet is very compatible with constructivism. Nason (1996) conducted study on ‘Format- free data base and the construction of knowledge in secondary schools’. Dalton (1998) in his study ‘Computers in schools’ asserts that training is directed at changing people's knowledge, experience, skills and attitudes. He emphasized the importance of training for the adoption and diffusion of computers in schools. Jonassen et al. (1999) conducted study on ‘Learning to solve problems with technology’.
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Teaching skills affecting the Academic Performance of the Students Sandholtz et al. (1997) worked on ‘Teaching with technology, creating student- centered classrooms’. Brosseuk (1998) conducted study on ‘Using a data-base in the secondary classrooms’. He found that when student use data bases and spread sheets it leads to a real life context enhanced the teaching and learning in an enjoyable and practical way, and developed students' general thinking processes and problem solving skills. Green et al. (2002) in a study of the ‘Impact of the Internet on teacher practice and classroom culture’ found that students were engaged when accessing the Internet.
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THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK The study uses theories in understanding and formulating the research problem and concepts.
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Adaptive Structuration Theory (AST) Anthony Gidden 2003 Poole believes that group members affect outcomes and calls his theory adaptive because he thinks that group members intentionally adapt rules and resources to accomplish goals. AST is an approach for studying the role of advanced information technologies in organizational change. There are three schools of thought on information technology and organizational change. The decision making school is a positivist approach that emphasizes cognitive processes associated with rational decision-making. The institutional school is an interpretive approach to research that focuses on social structure and human interaction. The social technology school is an integrative approach of the positivist and the interpretive.
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Piaget's Theory on Constructivism Jean Piaget Piaget's theory of constructivism impacts learning curriculum because teachers have to make a curriculum plan which enhances their students' logical and conceptual growth. Piaget's theory of constructivism argues that people produce knowledge and form meaning based upon their experiences. Two key components which create the construction of an individual's new knowledge are accommodation and assimilation . Assimilating causes an individual to incorporate new experiences into the old experiences. Accommodation , on the other hand, is reframing the world and new experiences into the mental capacity already present.
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Piaget's theory of constructivism addresses how learning actually occurs, not focusing on what influences learning. The role of teachers is very important.
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  • Winter '08
  • Angelo Mauricio
  • Theory of cognitive development, ICT Teachers

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