Parks arrest sparks outrage activates institutional support system in

Parks arrest sparks outrage activates institutional

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Park’s arrest sparks outrage, activates institutional support system in Montgomery 381 days, amidst harassment and violence, blacks refuse to ride public transportation in Montgomery November 1956: US supreme court ruled segregation in public transportation unconstitutional An era of Protest The late 1950s, early 1960s, sit-ins, protests, boycotts across jim crow south 1961: freedom riders in the south Attacked by the klan/ even assassinated Sept. 1962 court orders U of Miss to admit James Meredith Birmingham 1963 Spring of 1963 demonstrates across the south One week in June 15k arrests in 186 cities
May 06, 2019 Protesting inequality in housing, education, employment In, May 1963, Martin Luther King King Jr. schoolchildren, beaten, attacked by dogs and firehouses Protesters, including school children, beaten, attacked by dogs and firehouses Forced whites to choose sides June 1963, Medgar ever killed: Sept 1963, the bombing of a back church in Birmingham kills 4 young girls The march on Washington Aug 28, 1963 -- 250,00 march on D.C. Left Phillip Randolph Call for civil “jobs and freedom”: public works program, increase in the minimum wage, end discrimination King: “I have a Dream” Unprecedented black-white cooperation Civil Rights Act of 1964 Passed Congress, after JFK’s assassination Prohibited racial discrimination in employment, private and public, accommodations, institutions like hospitals and schools Ends Jim Crow America but in Federal level though not in lived experience May 24, 2019 - continued slide from last time Also banned discrimination based on sex Did not address the issue of voting rights Did not address the voting rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 June 1964 three civil rights activist kidnapped and murdered in Philadelphia, Mississippi 1961-1965 estimated 25 blacks had been killed Death of Whites in Philadelphia sparked outrage January 1965 March on Selma (only 355 of 15,000 black residents were registered) Attacked with cattle prods, whips, tear gas Congress passes the Voting Rights Act which allowed the federal government to register voters Regain suffrage lost in the 1870s Did voting bring change? Ongoing Backlash and Discontent Attacks by klan during the 1964’s freedom summer 1964: Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater, voted against the Civil Rights Act America in 1965… III. Rise of Red Power The 1960s saw a rise of Native American civil rights advocacy
May 06, 2019 Truman and Eisenhower administration Had implemented “termination” Policy 1968: American Indian Movement (AIM) forms advocating tribal self-determination and restoration of economic resources taken in treaties Occupation of Alcatraz Island, 1969-1971 The Indians had their moment to move in their argument and remind people of their discriminatory past Hundreds of acts of civil obedience Nixon Administration Discriminatory Determination policy IV. Latino Activism Chicano movement develops in the 1960s: concern with cultural pride and second class economic status

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