Underage drinking alcohol use by anyone under the age

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Underage Drinking: Alcohol use by anyone under the age of 21. In the United States, the legal drinking age is 21. NIH . . . Turning Discovery Into Health ® National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism • 301.443.3860
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• Prevalence of Binge Drinking: According to the 2015 NSDUH, approximately 5.1 million people 18 (about 13.4 percent 19 ) ages 12–20 (13.4 percent of males and 13.3 percent of females 19 ) reported binge drinking in the past month. • Prevalence of Heavy Alcohol Use: According to the 2015 NSDUH, approximately 1.3 million people 18 (about 3.3 percent 19 ) ages 12–20 (3.6 percent of males and 3.0 percent of females 19 ) reported heavy alcohol use in the past month. » Consequences of Underage Alcohol Use: • Research indicates that alcohol use during the teenage years could interfere with normal adolescent brain development and increase the risk of developing AUD. In addition, underage drinking contributes to a range of acute consequences, including injuries, sexual assaults, and even deaths—including those from car crashes. 20 Alcohol and College Students: » Prevalence of Alcohol Use: • Prevalence of Drinking: According to the 2015 NSDUH, 58.0 percent of full-time college students ages 18–22 drank alcohol in the past month compared with 48.2 percent of other persons of the same age. 21 • Prevalence of Binge Drinking: According to the 2015 NSDUH, 37.9 percent of college students ages 18–22 reported binge drinking in the past month compared with 32.6 percent of other persons of the same age. 21 • Prevalence of Heavy Alcohol Use: According to the 2015 NSDUH, 12.5 percent of college students ages 18–22 reported heavy alcohol use in the past month compared with 8.5 percent of other persons of the same age. 21 » Consequences—Researchers estimate that each year: • 1,825 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor-vehicle crashes. 22 • 696,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking. 23 • 97,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 report experiencing alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape. 23 • Roughly 20 percent of college students meet the criteria for AUD. 24 • About 1 in 4 college students report academic consequences from drinking, including missing class, falling behind in class, doing poorly on exams or papers, and receiving lower grades overall. 25 Alcohol and Pregnancy: » The prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) in the United States was estimated by the Institute of Medicine in 1996 to be between 0.5 and 3.0 cases per 1,000. 26 » More recent reports from specific U.S. sites report the prevalence of FAS to be 2 to 7 cases per 1,000, and the prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) to be as high as 20 to 50 cases per 1,000. 27,28 NIH . . . Turning Discovery Into Health ® National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism • 301.443.3860
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Alcohol and the Human Body: » In 2015, of the 78,529 liver disease deaths among individuals ages 12 and older, 47.0 percent involved alcohol. Among males, 49,695 liver disease deaths occurred and 49.5 percent
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