Against Platos position that man originally was a soul for Aristotle man is a

Against platos position that man originally was a

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Against Plato’s position that man originally was a soul, for Aristotle man is a composite being: a combination of soul and body, mind and matter, sense and intellect, passion and reason. However, for Aristotle reason is the chief attribute of man. This theory is called rationalism (from the word ratio – Latin for reason).
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Aristotle For Plato’s former student Aristotle, his teacher’s philosophy was too idealistic, thus he balance it with his philosophy called realism. Against Plato’s position that man originally was a soul, for Aristotle man is a composite being: a combination of soul and body, mind and matter, sense and intellect, passion and reason. However, for Aristotle reason is the chief attribute of man. This theory is called rationalism (from the word ratio – Latin for reason). Thus, for Aristotle reason is man’s highest faculty.
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Aristotle Plato and Aristotle has the same method: contemplation. However, they differ on their idea of contemplation. As already mentioned for Plato contemplation does not involve our senses. Whereas for Aristotle contemplation begins with the world around us.
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Aristotle Similar to the theory of knowledge held by Socrates (that true knowledge is practical—that we should put to good use our knowledge and not just stay on the level of theory), Aristotle also puts a premium on living and acting out virtues. Thus, man’s perfection and his happiness relies on wisdom and virtue. Man’s happiness, therefore, will be based upon his rational capacity.
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Aristotle Naturally flowing from his idea that the highest faculty of man is his reason – it is the art and skill of reasoning – the highest form of human activity that will guide the quest for truth and thus answering the problems that belies humanity. And for this reason, it is the philosopher that would rule society—for the philosopher is best equip by reasoning skill.
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Aristotle Aristotle writes, “Until the rulers are philosophers and philosophers are rulers the states [society] will never rest from their evils.”
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