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Self-monitoring:-Self-monitoringdescribes an individual’s ability to adjust their behaviour to external,situatonal factor-individuals high in self-monitoring show considerable adaptability in adjustng theirbehaviour to external situatonal factors.Proactve personality:-Those with a proactve personality identfy opportunites, show initatve, take acton andpersevere untl meaningful change occurs-Proactve individuals have higher desirable behaviours than organizaton covet, havehigher levels of job performance4.4.Personality, job search and unemployment-Many studies of unemployed job seekers have found that conscientousness andextraversion were predictve of networking intensity, general job search intensity,interview callbacks and job ofers,Looks at personality characteristcs that predict job search behaviours-Conscientousness-Time structure-Extraversion-Self-esteem/self-efcacy-Afectvity4.5.Personality and situatonsDownloaded by fatima alshara ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|4612308
Situaton strength theory:-Situaton-strength theoryproposes that the way personality translates into behaviourdepends on the strength of the situaton.-By situaton strength, we mean the degree to which norms, cues or standards dictateappropriate behaviourSituaton strength four elements:-Clarity,or the degree to which cues about work dutes and responsibilites are availableand clear. E.g. cleaner-Consistency,or the extent to which cues regarding work dutes and responsibilites arecompatble with one another e.g. acute care nurse-Constraints,or the extent to which individuals’ freedom to decide or act is limited byforces outside their control e.g. bank examiner-Consequences,or the degree to which decisions or actons have important implicatonsfor the organisaton or its members, clients, supplies and so on e.g. surgeonTrait actvaton theory:-TAT predicts that some situatons, events or interventons ‘actvate’ a trait more thanothers.-E.g. a commission-based compensaton plan would likely actvate individual diferences inextraversion because extraversion is more reward sensitve than openness.-4.6.Values-Valuesrepresent basic convictons that ‘a specifc mode of conduct or end-state of existenceis personally or socially preferable to an opposite or a converse mode of conduct or end-state of existenceThe importance of values-Values lay the foundaton for our understanding of people’s attudes and motvatonand infuence our perceptons.Terminal versus instrumental values-Terminal: desirable end-states (These are the goals a person would like to achieve during alifetme)-Instrumental: preferable modes of behaviour (means of achieving the terminal values.)Generaton valuesDownloaded by fatima alshara ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|4612308

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Decision Making, fatima alshara

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