Compare the political and economic relationship

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8. Compare the political and economic relationship between the countries of western Europe and the rest of the world at the start of the 20thcentury (c. 1900) and at its midpoint (c. 1950). How did that relationship change? What were the causes of those changes?
9. Some historians have considered the period 1914-45 as a continuous 30-year crisis. Why was this so? What were the main causes of this crisis? How was it resolved?10. For more than four decades after World War II, the world was dominated and dividedby the rivalry between two ‘superpowers’. What were the sources of their mutual antagonism? In what ways was their conflict a continuation of previous great power struggles? In what ways did it represent something new?
oOpposing ideologies which were both Universalist (fascism and liberalism).oStruggles to expand influence over territories (colonization).oUse of mediaoUnited NationsoNo ethnic cleansingoNo European powers between hegemonsNewoNo direct battle between the competing states, just neutral zones.oArms race/space raceMutually Assured DestructionoNo war in American soilTerms: Eight of the following terms will appear on the exam. You will answer four of them. Be sure that your answers identify (where relevant) who, what, when, where, and historical significance. Total points: 20.Russo-Japanese Warbetween Russia and Japan over Korea, Manchuria and the Liaodong Peninsula. Japan won.Gamal Abdel Nasserleader of Egypt who disliked Israel and wanted to take control/unite Arab world. Important because he aimed to make Egypt the leader of Arab countries by maintaining itself neutral in Cold War.Opium Warsa war between UK and China as a conflict over the opium trade. Important because, when Chinese lost, it gave Hong Kong to the British, opened ports to foreign merchants, and signed the Treaty of Nanking which opened its commerce to western powers.Taiping RebellionChinese rebellion that brought Qing dynasty to the brink of collapsepax Britannicawas the period of relative peace in Europe and the world during which the British Empire became the global hegemon and adopted a role as a global police force.MADmutually assured destruction, a concept that arose during the Cold War that statesthat if countries started a nuclear war, it would destroy the whole world. Important

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