Regardless of how active you are in actual mitigation

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Regardless of how active you are in actual mitigation efforts in your community, it is your responsibility as the emergency manager to monitor how other governmental departments are carrying out their mitigation functions that affect the safety of the community. Your role is to motivate others to practice mitigation through hazard awareness, to coordinate efforts of agencies that have the responsibilities for mitigation, and to help ensure continuing enforcement of hazard reduction measures. Your challenge is to help these community groups come to appreciate the importance of mitigation. Let’s hope it will not take a disaster to do this. But if one does hit your community, any prior mitigation activities the community has put in place will help soften the blow. That in itself will make all your efforts worthwhile. 3-18 The Emergency Manager
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Unit Three: Mitigation Answer the following questions to test your knowledge of Unit Three facts. Read each question carefully, then write in the answer that you think is correct. Answers can be found on page 3-22. 1. What is the purpose of a hazard analysis? 2. What is the purpose of a vulnerability analysis? 3. What are the two major types of loss that occur in a disaster? 4. What are some sources of information you should use while preparing a hazard analysis? 5. Why should you identify special populations in the vulnerability analysis? The Emergency Manager 3-19
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Unit Three: Mitigation 6. What is mitigation? 7. What are the tasks of the emergency manager in mitigation? 8. How does the emergency manager perform his or her role in mitigation? 9. List three forms of mitigation than can be accomplished by local laws or ordinances. 3-20 The Emergency Manager
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Unit Three: Mitigation 10. List four tools other than laws that can be used for mitigation. 11. Which of the following is a structural measure for mitigation? A. Flood insurance B. Storage containers C. Preparedness plans D. Fire sprinkler systems 12. What is the role of public information as a tool for mitigation? The Emergency Manager 3-21
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Unit Three: Mitigation For every question that you answered incorrectly, review the page listed next to the answer to find out why your answer was incorrect. 1. What is the purpose of a hazard analysis? (See page 3-3) The purpose of a hazard analysis is to show what hazards can strike. 2. What is the purpose of a vulnerability analysis? (See page 3-6) The purpose of a vulnerability analysis is to show who or what will be affected by a disaster and how badly it will be affected. 3. What are the two major types of loss that occur in a disaster? (See page 3-6) Human loss and economic loss 4. What are some sources of information you should use while preparing a hazard analysis? (See page 3-3) Information sources include: reports on past disasters, local citizens, high school or college teachers, federal agencies, neighboring emergency managers, officials in your own jurisdiction.
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