Not just the governor secretary of state is appointed

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Not just the governorSecretary of state is appointed by the governor with Senate approvalIndependently elected offices limit governor powerDifferent parties may hold (and have held) executive power, providing an additional check against concentrations of power35
1/28/2018The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 5 and 636Article 5: Judicial DepartmentTexas effectively has two supreme courtsCriminal cases: Texas Court of Criminal AppealsCivil cases: Texas Supreme CourtThe Texas Constitution creates an independent judiciary that can check and balance the other two branchesAll justices and judges are elected, enabling the people to watch over the courtsArticle 6: SuffrageDetermines who votes in TexasEnables the legislature to regulate voter registration and the selection of electors 36The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 7–937Article 7: EducationPublic schools promote a republican form of governmentRequires Texas to support, maintain, and fund an efficient system of public schools; and to create of a Board of EducationEstablishes and funds the University of Texas and Texas A&M UniversityOther state universities and colleges were later included Article 8: Taxation and RevenueArticles 9 and 11: Local Government37
1/28/2019The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 10, 12–1638Articles 10, 12, 13, and 14Railroads, private corporations, Spanish and Mexican land titles, and public landsArticle 15: ImpeachmentImpeachmentis a formal charge by which a state official may be removed from officeThe House and Senate (and the courts) decide what constitutes an impeachable offenseArticle 16: General ProvisionsOne of the lengthiest articlesIt is literally a catchall article tackling a variety of issues 38The Constitution of Texas Today: Article 1739Article 17: Amending the ConstitutionA four-stage processThe legislature proposes amendmentsThey must be approved by a two-thirds majority voteExplanations of amendments must be published twice in recognized newspapersA majority of state voters must approve in a statewide election39
1/28/2020Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Texas Constitution4040Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Constitution: Sharpstown41In 1979, there was a drive to rewrite the Texas Constitution.It grew out of stock fraud involving the Sharpstown State Bank and the National Bankers Life Insurance Company.Resulting convictions created a “throw the rascals out” mentality in the 1972 election.However, special interest groups mobilized and derailed efforts to rewrite the constitution.41
1/28/202142The Sharpstown Scandal42Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Texas Constitution432017: constitutional amendmentsThere were 7 amendments proposed, and all passedVoter turnout was low at about 5.7 percent, down from 2015’s turnout of about 11.3 percentThere are two possible reasons for low turnout:Amendment votes are held in off-yearsMany amendments are relatively insignificant to voters43
1/28/2022

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