Involves the belief in imminent justice if a rule is

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- involves the belief in imminent justice - if a rule is broken, punishment will be meted out immediately.Piaget - Autonomous Morality- Piaget’s second stage of moral development, which begins around age 10 and continues throughout life. - child realizes rules and laws created by people - in judging an action, one should consider the actor’s intentions as well as the consequencesKohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development- stressed that moral development is based primarily on moral reasoning and unfolds in stages. - arrived at his view after 20 years of using a unique interview with children - they are presented with a series of stories in which characters face moral dilemmas.Internalization- A key concept in understanding is internalization. - developmental change from behavior that is externally controlled to behavior that is controlled by internal standards and principles. - As children and adolescents develop, their moral thoughts become more internalizedKohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning- Elaborates on Piaget’s theory - Boys 10 - 17 years - Gave them the same story (Heinz’s dilemma) - Noted how the boys reasoned about what Heinz did - Theory of moral reasoning 3 levels with 7 stagesKohlberg’s Rationale- Kohlberg's (1958a) core sample was comprised of 72 boys, from both middle- and lower-class families in Chicago. They were ages 10, 13, and 16. - He later added to his sample younger children, delinquents, and boys and girls from other American cities and from other countries (1966, 1982)The dilemma…..
A woman is near death from cancer. One drug might save her, a form of radium discovered by a chemist living in the same town, who is selling the drug at ten times what it cost him to manufacture it. The sick woman’s husband tried to borrow the money but could raise only half the price. He told the chemist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell the drug more cheaply or, at least, let him pay later, but the chemist refused. The desperate husband broke into the chemist’s shop to steal the drug for his wife. Should he have done that?Kohlberg’s stages of moral developmentStage 1 Heteronomous MoralityObedience and Punishment Orientation.Heinz wrong to steal the drug because "It's against the law," or "It's bad to steal," as if this were all there were to it. Child generally justifies in terms of the consequences involved Stealing is bad "because you'll get punished" (Kohlberg, 1958b). But can justify according to stage 1 morality: "Heinz can steal it because he asked first and it's not like he stole something big; he won't get punished" (see Rest, 1973).Stage 2. Individualism and ExchangeRecognition - not just one right view handed down by the authorities. Risks and benefits "Heinz might think it's right to take the drug, the druggist would not." Since everything
is relative, each person is free to pursue his or her individual interests. “Heinz might steal the drug if he wants his wife to live, but he doesn't have to if he wantsto marry someone younger and better-looking” (Kohlberg, 1963, p. 24).

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