According to house and aditya 1997 451 the term of

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According to House and Aditya (1997: 451), the term of leadership styles refers “to the manner by which leaders express specific behaviors.” Leadership styles are important, since they represent different ways of practicing leadership. In relation to this, the traits of leaders reflect the ability of individuals to practice specific leadership styles. Contextual factors shape the conditions for different leadership styles, specifically the effects they have and the goals that they serve. Therefore, contextual factors cannot simply be added as a “fifth dimension” to the framework; instead, the framework is only valid with respect to specific contextual factors. Against this background, the differences in leadership styles can be specified in terms of the four key dimensions of the “people-means-effects-goals framework”. That not all key dimensions have been specified with regard to a specific leadership style does not mean that they do not exist, only that the research is incomplete. Although there are several constructs closely related to leadership, lack of space means that the discussion of this relationship remains very short. While there have been countless discussions about the relation between leadership and management (Yukl,1989; Kelley and Lee, 2010), the essence of leadership is that it includes both formal and informal authority, and that it has a very strong focus on the (new) goals to be achieved. Management research is included
DICK SPENCER CASE 12 inasmuch as it meets these criteria. The same applies for other related constructs like change agents (Nikolaou et al., 2007), champions (Howell and Higgins, 1990), etc. DICK SPENCER: AN INNOVATION-DRIVEN MANAGER Innovation has affected globally in heart of many organization in terms of creativity and implementation ended up subordinates need to nourish their knowledge and skills equivalent to fast pace of innovation. Creative endeavor requires risk taking by subordinates in experimenting innovative instruments and gadgets. Nature of innovation has put the subordinates in an environment of change and resistance in the organization. Hence, effectiveness and efficiency of an organization require a leader who grasps innovative perspective in all angle of the world. Leaders need to acquire a strong sense of direction in leading the subordinate to the destination in the future where driven by innovation. (Nodeson et al., 2012) Nourishment of creativity and innovations are vital goal for many businesses success by determining how fast the organizations adapt to change. Innovation and change has its impact in an organization especially the leadership and management. Leadership and innovation are widely linked to the success of change innovation. It is therefore only through leadership that one can truly develop and nurture a culture that is adaptive to change. (Kotter, 1998) Charismatic leaders are not born, but developed through never ending process of self- study, education, training and experience. At the same time good leaders could handle all situations which happen in organization in very effective way. All situations are unique and

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