Bthe south had a better prepared army with solid

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b.The South had a better prepared army with solid leadership in comparison to the North. But in time, the Yanks mastered the discipline and determination needed to make them a first-rate army. c.The North did not initially have the best leader in its military. Hence, Lincoln was forced to literally test each officer in the field to weed out good leaders from the many inept ones, finally discovering Ulysses Simpson Grant, who was willing to fight on to victory no matter the cost. d. While world demand for cotton was important to the South, Union army seizures of southern cotton stores helped fill that demand, as did increased production by the cotton growers of Egypt and India. e.With most of the Civil War fought on southern soil, this did give the Confederate army an advantage, but it did not ultimate lead them to win the war. Question 9 a.David had no trouble at all creating a Confederate currency, and did so quickly. b. Jefferson Davis was willing to overwork, if necessary, to whatever was needed of his roles as both military and political leader, even in the face of his own bouts with neuralgia and other nervous disorders (including a tic). c. Correct answer. The South seceded largely in defense of states’ rights, yet to aid the Confederacy’s development, Davis needed to establish a unified central government. Its constitution, in fact, borrowed from that of the nation it broke with, but ironically did not allow its states the right to secession. d. Davis had little worries when it came to amassing an army. Southerners were ready and willing to fight, although they preferred not to cross state lines to do so and wanted rather to defend their own home turfs.
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e.While Davis was not widely popular, this was not his biggest problem, even with the occasional talk of impeachment. Question 10 a.With Congress out of session when the war began, Lincoln declared a blockade himself. This move was later challenged in the Supreme Court, which upheld Lincoln’s power to do so. b.Under the Constitution (Art. I, Sec. VIII, para. 12), only Congress has the power to increase the size of the army, yet Lincoln himself did so. Congress, later, however approved his decision. c. Contrary to the Constitution (see Art. I, Sec. IX, para. 7), Lincoln ordered the U.S. Treasury to pay $2 million to three private citizens for their assistance with the Union military effort. d. Correct answer. It was various federal officials—and not Lincoln—who ordered that certain newspapers be suspended from publishing due to their anti-Union articles and some of their editors. e. Lincoln did suspend the writ of habeas corpus, which allowed for the arrest of anti- Unionists. In doing so, Lincoln defied ruling by the chief justice, which stated that the protections of habeas corpus could be set aside only by the authorization of Congress (see Art. I, Sec. IX, para. 2). Question 11 a.Initially, Union armies were staffed by volunteers, contributed by each state based on population. In 1863, as the number of volunteers dropped off dramatically, Congress passed the nation’s first federal conscription law, which was often met with resentment and an occasional small riot.
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