Weber claims that for the victory of capitalism it

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•Weber claims that for the victory of capitalism it had to overcome the forces of traditionalism which were the norm amongst society. Capitalism was not historically necessary or inevitable as Marx claims. [conditions of metal, population growth, new technology, etc.] → Weber thought that there was more to this; protestant ethic comes into play; new morals and values emerge due to religious changes; alter current way of life →ACSETICISM: Everyone was supposed to be frugal, organize time productively, be punctual, work hard, etc. This way of life extended to puritans and their society. →Protestant Ethic did not PRODUCE capitalism, rather it ENABLED for capitalist development. In Weber’s view: “rationalization” was a consequence of the prophets unceasing war against magical and orgiastic practices [such practices were not made out of any rational, secular, or political considerations] →THE POINT: Weber traces national rationalization in the West to Jewish roots. - Western institutions are a product of a long process of rationalization - Weber posits fundamental difference between western tradition and Asiatic religions; which he regards as non-rational - FOR WEBER: The origins of western rationality are to be sought in religious & the religious beliefs of ancient Judaism are at the root of Western Rationality. According to Weber, “rationalization” is a transhistorical trend in humanity, is at the root of western institutions. For Weber: grasping the characteristic of uniqueness of phenomena is the aim of social sciences. Sociology is a historical interpretive discipline that strives to grasp the unique configurations sinces it is unique phenomena which are of interest to us. Only a small portion of existing reality is significant to us because it reveals relationships that are due to their connections with our values; It is difficult to prove causality; often relationships are looked at because they are significant to our values; to understand something you must look at the historical individual and what the values were at that time. [ex: social/religious movements/revolutions/economic crises/less dramatic events as well] IDEAL TYPE: a construct that serves as a heauristic device developed for methodological purposes in the analysis of social phenomena. [with heuristic = pointing out]. An ideal type is constructed from elements/characteristics of the phenomenon under inverstigation but not meant to correspond to all factors/variables. Its simply a part of the bigger picture. [ex: sacred society, churst, marginal man, etc.]
Weber Fill-in-the-Blank Questions! 1. Money-making – provided it is done legally – is, within the modern economic order, the result and the expression of diligence in one’s market... 2. Above all, the “spirit” of capitalism had to wrestle with the kind of feeling and conduct that is customarily termed “ traditionalism.” 3. We shall nevertheless provisionally use the expression “ ascetism” for that attitude which, in the pursuit of a calling, strives systematically for profit for its own sake in the manner exemplified by Benjamin Franklin.

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