Homework Questions for Motivation (Modules 37-40).docx

Instinct theory and evolutionary psychology the

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Instinct Theory and Evolutionary Psychology- The strengths include the explanation of behavioral similarities due to adaptations from our ancestral past while a weakness is the strong focus on animals. Drive-Reduction Theory- it explains behaviors that lead to survival but not those such as
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curiosity. The optimal arousal theory explains that motivated behaviors are based on arousal but it neglects to explain more complex social needs. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs- it explains that we have various levels of needs that range from physical to psychological while a weakness of this model is the order is not definite because different biological factors play a certain role. 2. How does the body try to maintain homeostasis? The body maintains homeostasis by regulating body chemistry to initiate behaviors such as eating or cessation of eating. 2. Explain why different levels of arousal might be required for tasks of different difficulty. Use Figure 37.2 as a guide. Typically to perform well on hard tasks, it has been found that a low level of arousal is most useful. If a surgeon or anesthesiologist who is really aggressive and hyped up, it was found that adrenaline might actually be a drawback. It was found that cool and collected behavior has better results in stressful situations. The graph illustrates that high arousal on easy tasks leads to high performance.
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