Variations at different organizational level result from the complexity and/or diversity of jobs, the need for personal interaction, leadership philosophies, and a host of other variables.
Organizing and Staffing Narrow spans of control permit a manager to have greater interaction with each subordinated; hence to exercise close supervision . But they also result in “ taller ” organizational structures and communication barriers since information must be transmitted through more people (levels). Wide spans of control necessitate general supervision and results in “ flat ” organizational structure.
Organizing and Staffing Wide spans of control
Organizing and Staffing • Narrow spans of control
Organizing and Staffing Factors Affecting the Span of Management 1. Geographic dispersion of subordinates 2. Subordinate training and experience 3. Ability of mangers
Organizing and Staffing Authority and Responsibility Authority Authority is the right to command subordinates’ action. Authority is the legal power a manger possesses to act and make decisions in carrying out responsibilities. When authority is dispersed throughout the organization, it is said to be decentralized . When most decisions are made at or near the top , the organization is centralized.
Organizing and Staffing Responsibility Responsibility is a felt obligation. Unlike authority, responsibility can not be assigned or given away. Authority should be given only to managers who are willing to assume equal amount of responsibility. Although Responsibility can not be delegated
Organizing and Staffing Delegating Delegating is the process of allocating tasks to subordinates, giving them adequate authority to carry out those assignments, and making them obliged to complete the tasks satisfactorily.
Organizing and Staffing Advantages of Delegating authority Competitive atmosphere is created Save time of manger Lower level managers decisions are timely for it doesn’t pass through several levels Development of professional managers is encouraged
Organizing and Staffing Staffing Staffing is the process of matching jobs and people . The process of accomplishing organizational objectives by acquiring, retaining, developing and properly using the human resources in organization. It includes: Human resource planning Job Design Recruiting Selecting Developing
Organizing and Staffing Employee selection procedure Human resource planning Medical exam Developing Sources of Applicants Receiving applications Screening applicants Induction/ orientation
Organizing and Staffing I. Human Resource Planning Defined as the strategy for acquiring , using ,improving and preserving a firm’s human resources It covers three distinct activities: Evaluating existing labor resources Forecasting future labor needs Ensuring the availability of workers when needed
Organizing and Staffing Job Design : is the attempt to organize work
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 167 pages?
- Fall '19
- Management, supervisor