NameFunctional GroupIUPAC Suffixalcohol-olether-etheraldehyde-alketone-onecarboxylic acid-oic acidester-oateamine-amineamide-amide2. a. 2-methyl-1-buteneb. 3-methyl-2-butanolc. 3-chloro-1-phenyl-1-propened. N-propylpropanamide e. 1-3-cyclopentadienef. 1-amino-3-methoxycyclohexane g. 3-fluoro-3-nitrobutanoic acidh. 1-bromo-2-butene i. 4-ethoxypentanal 3.The diagram with alternating single and double bonds implies that there are two different bond lengths and strengths in benzene. The diagram with a circle in the middle shows that the electrons are delocalized and that all the bonds are the same length. The diagram with the circle or dotted line, showing all six bonds to be equal, is thought to be more correct.2) Chemical Reactions1. Markovnikov’s rule is important for an addition reaction between an asymmetrical alkene or alkyne and another asymmetrical reactant, such as H2O or HBr. There are two possible products that may form as a result of this addition. One product is the major product, and the other product is the minor product.2.4. - cis and trans isomers are produced:- pi bond in double bond does not allow rotation5.3.
a) C6H6Br2C6H5Br HBrb) This is a substitution reaction.6.7. (CH3)3COH8. oxidation9. hydrolysis10.a) CHOHb) CHCHOc) CHCOOH11.CH3CH2CHO, propanal; CH3CH2COOH, propanoic acid12.CHO–O–CH3,methyl methanoate13.cyclobutylmethanoate14.ReactionType of reactionsubstitution elimination neutralization hydrolysisaddition polymerization 15.Addition polymerization is a reaction in which monomers with double bonds are joined together through a series of addition reactions. For example, polyethylene is formed from ethene. Condensation polymerization is a reaction in which monomers are joined together by the formation of ester or amide bonds and water is released. Nylon-66 is an example of a condensation polymer.UNIT: Atomic Theory and Periodic Trends1) Periodic Table1.Atomic radius increases as you go down a group of elements in the periodic table. This trend is a result of increasing numbers of electrons occupying increasing numbers of energy levels. The effective nuclear charge changes only slightly and therefore does not offset the increase in size due to the increase in energy levels.Atomic radius decreases as you go left to right across a period in the periodic table. The valence electrons are found in orbitals of the same energy level. At the same time, the effective nuclear charge is increasing with the increase in nuclear charge, which results in a greater force of attraction pulling the valence electrons closer to the nucleus. Thus, atomic size decreases.2.Ionization energy is the energy that is required to completely remove one electron from a ground state gaseous atom. Electron affinity is the change in energy that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom.
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- pH, Chemical reaction, Atomic orbital, mol/L