Individuals are embedded in complex social structures

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individuals are embedded in complex social structures thatshapeand constraintheir actionsSTRUCTUAL TRENDS (harper & Leicht) 1)Growth in the scale of social life a.How far people move away from home b.People are moving to the cities2)Centralization of control a.Controlled by larger organization 3)Differentiation and specialization 4)Growing interconnectednessa.Networks bringing people together 5)Increase in technical sophistication a.Rise of smart phones/devicesb.It can mean other things like dishwasher or A.C c.Feel technological advances make think more sufficient but have hidden inefficiency i.Hidden inefficiency: agriculture get more efficient by pesticides, plant foods, fertilizers but takes more stuff to produce CULTURAL TRENDS (Harper Leicht) 1)Growing cultural complexity/diversitya.Demographic changes continuing to change makeup of country b.Distinctiveness of lifestyle & cultural interest2)Tolerating of diversitya.Increase trend: as cultural diversity increase, toleration of diversity has increased 3)Increasing concern w/ individual self-gratification 4)Belief in effectiveness of scientific and empirical knowledge a.Turning to expert instead of traditional approach b.Diminishing religious authority & other sources 5)Decreasing trust in national leaders & social institutions
Social Atrophy Trends (Eitzen) Atrophy: weakening Weakening of American life and social fabric Negative tone 1)Moving away a.Moving away from intimate relationship 2)Living alone3)Technology & isolationa.Ex: A.C keeps people inside4)Geography & isolation a.Increase segregation5)Isolation within familiesa.Ex) Children having their own bedroom instead of sharing 6)The architecture of isolation 7)Consumerism and isolation What can you do personally to enhance the quality of human connections in your own life?Lecture 22: 11/2917 GlobalizationGlobalists vs. Skeptics (how much of globalization is happening?)Globalists: we are in globalization and it is consuming everythingSkeptics:not that they don’t believe globalization but they are questioning biggest claims of globalization Advocates vs. Opponents (if you agree that is happening, is it good or bad?)Advocates:globalization is a positive thing Opponents: globalization have negative consequences GLOBALISTSSKEPTICSADVOCATESOPPONENTSECONOMIC-Free market capitalism is global norm -increased trade Globalization happened a long time ago-unstable (Brexit, Euro Crisis)and uneven Economic growth worldwide -Reinforces inequalities -Degrades labor conditions -McDonaldization (standard of goods & services)POLITICAL -nation-states (independent) weakening -human rights standards -Nation states still preeminent political unit -International political pressure still filtered through local contexts Global cooperation Human rights standardsDiminishing national sovereignty (U.S not signing many international treaties) CULTURAL Awareness of other peoples and places global consciousness Cultural homogenization “Globalization”

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Term
Spring
Professor
CHEN

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