Youth comprise more significant part of the current workforce in Puntland than

Youth comprise more significant part of the current

This preview shows page 46 - 48 out of 82 pages.

Youth comprise more significant part of the current workforce in Puntland than in Somaliland, with a particular dearth of current youth employment in Hargeysa. If employers continue to hire as they have, Puntland youth are more likely to find employment. Female employers appear to be more amenable to hiring youth, as are businesses in the private sector, by a wide margin. Youth are better off in employment opportunities in Puntland, especially Garowe, if we use current employees as a measure. Figures 22, 23, 24 – Profile similarity: youth by city, employer gender and sector To conclude on this first index, it is worth noting that empirical observations and focus group discussions tend to confirm the findings of the profile similarity index . The table below suggests that youth are best off in female-run private sector businesses in Puntland, particularly if they are male and non-migrants. There is no assurance that businesses will continue hiring people with the same profile they have hired in the past though. Table 4 – Affinities between YOUTH and EMPLOYEE profiles ATTRIBUTES SIMILARITIES AND AFFINITIES OBSERVED Gender & Sector Young women are more likely to be employed in the public sector; males are more prevalent in the private sector. Overall, however, youth are more likely to be employed in the private sector. Youth & Location Youth are more likely to be employed in Puntland than in Somaliland, particularly in Garowe Employer gender & Youth Female employers are more likely to employ youth than male employers Migration & employment Non-migrants have profiles more similar to those currently employed than migrants 0,21 0,26 0,34 0,30 0,28 0,20 0,22 0,24 0,26 0,28 0,30 0,32 0,34 0,36 Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso Overall Profile similarity: youth by city 0,33 0,27 0,28 0,20 0,22 0,24 0,26 0,28 0,30 0,32 0,34 0,36 Female Male Overall Profile similarity: youth by employer gender 0,34 0,22 0,20 0,22 0,24 0,26 0,28 0,30 0,32 0,34 0,36 Private Public Profile similarity: youth by sector
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47 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration C.2. Requirement Index: marketability and skills match The second index sheds more light on the actual skills mismatch on today’s labour market in Somaliland and Puntland. What is the ability of youth to meet the requirements employers reported for new hires? The skills mismatch was examined through the requirement index: the ability of youth to meet the employers’ requirements for new hires on three fronts: formal education, competence in a number of particular skills, and language skills, both spoken and written (Somali, Arabic, English, Kiswahili, and Amharic). For each of these three categories, a homogeneity analysis was performed to see how likely, if each youth were to apply for a job on offer in his/her city, s/he would be to meet the requirements of that job. High scores reflect a good match between employers’ requirements and youth’s abilities. The requirement index/nexus was compiled from a comprehensive list of skills employers could indicate as required and youth could indicate that they have. Even a variance optimised
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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