Group one who believed they had control 20 had panic attack Panic Station Muse

Group one who believed they had control 20 had panic

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Group one, who believed they had control: 20% had panic attack Panic Station- Muse Cognitive theory: control and panic disorder o Cognitive therapies Identify irrational thoughts (keep diaries- self monitoring) Ex. Catastrophic thoughts about body sensations Challenge thoughts: Identify how thought is irrational Question irrational thought Replace with more rational, accurate thoughts Ex. Reinterpret body sensations (I’m just breathing hard because I exercised, etc.) o Behavioral theories Classical conditioning: pair two stimuli together, person learns to anticipate second stimulus while in presence of first stimulus Watson and Little Albert Unconditioned stimulus (UCS): loud noise Unconditioned response (UCR): Albert whimpers Conditioned stimulus (CS): (paired with UCS): white rat
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Conditioned response (CR): after enough pairings, the CS (white rat) alone causes Albert to whimper. o More behavioral theories Operant conditioning: consequences of a behavior impact the likelihood of behavior occurring again The behavior of avoiding whatever is feared is reinforced (lowered anxiety), meaning avoidance behaviors are likely to increase Negative reinforcement: after a behavior, remove unpleasant situation, this increases initial behavior Modeling: persons see someone else react with extreme fear (e.g. child sees parent fear snake) o Behavioral therapy: systematic desensitization Client ranks their fear in a hierarchy: from least feared to most feared (e.g. imagine picture of a dog, then dog in room, then pet a dog) Client is taught relaxation techniques Client is exposed to what is lowest on hierarchy and uses relaxation Once client no longer feels anxious to that lowest ranking object, they move up the list to the next ranked object Very effective: 80-90% Exception: for blood-injection type, must have them tense muscles until they feel blood rushing to their face (to prevent the lowering of heart rate) Example Fear of crowds Hierarchy 1. Picture 2. 3 people 3. Family dinner 4. Classroom 5. Subway 6. Mosh pit o Behavioral therapy: flooding Client learns relaxation techniques Intensive exposure to the feared object until all anxiety is gone Support is important As effective as other treatments, works even quicker Problem is, many clients won’t do it.
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Eating Disorders 10/23/18 Anorexia nervosa o Refuse to maintain a body weight within 15% of healthy weight for one’s height o Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat (self esteem rests entirely on their body shape) o One of the following: Distortions of body image Undue influence of body shape on self-evaluation Deny seriousness of low weight o Informal symptoms: Amenorrhea- women stop menstruating Chronic fatigue Develop elaborate rituals around food o Major physical problems 8% die Heart failure, irregular heart beat, really slow heart rate Excessive expansion of stomach Kidney damage Weak immune system o Course of the disease Lifetime prevalence= 1% 90-95% female Onset 15-19 years Course varies greatly 1/2 fully recovered after 10 year followup
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