Working and women and men could not both hold

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working and women and men could not both hold government jobs a same time (restriction 1932-1937)-Many stereotypical jobs held by women were less impacted by depression: lower unemployment rate for women-White men and women took jobs once held by minority and few feminists demanded for equal rights-Depression also demoralized children into “hobos” or female “sisters of the road”-Many students took college seriously (sacrifice their money) but depression damaged future prospectsPOPULAR CULTURE VIEWS THE DEPRESSION-Many turned to popular culture in order to alleviate pain caused by Great Depression mass culture flourished, not only entertaining but communicating and criticizing systems in country-Movies flourished many people went during day when they had no jobs: many movies had sexual innuendos but stopped after outcry: established means of self-censorship (The Production Code Administration)-Many movies contained complex messages that reflected real sense of societal crisis: portrayed politicians as cynical and corrupt-All of time not spent in entertainment: attendance at religious service rose and reading became popularHARDER TIMESAFRICAN AMERICANS IN THE DEPRESSION-Many blacks saw depression differently: their situation didn’t change because they always felt this condition-Southern Tenant Farmers Union (STFU) in 1934 encouraged black and white southern farmers but did little to fix the falling prices and overproduction that southern farmers faced-Many blacks continued to face harsh political and social discrimination in south-Scottsboro Case (1931): White women claimed to have been raped by 9 black men, 8 sentenced to death but later overturned in 1932, yet 5 were reconvicted and charged to long prison terms gained attraction with blacks-Along with lunching in early 1930’s, it gave blacks strong incentive to head for North and Midwest-Whites compete for black jobs unemployment for blacks (esp. in Harlem)-Black shoplifter was rumored to have been beaten by white cops triggered major Harlem Riot of 1935 blacks also angry about lack of jobs and slowdown in relief services: 4 blacks killedDUST BOWL MIGRATIONS-1930-1941: worst drought and national/international market forces pushed farmers to work the soil beyond its nature limits: stripped natural vegetation and destroyed ecology when water dried up, nothing was left to hold the soil: huge clouds of dust rolled over plains: The dust bowls prompted mass exodus from plains-Many from Oklahoma left (homes foreclosed, farms ruined) to west, where jobs were promised in California-Before 1930’s agriculture of California was large-scale, intensive and diversified: key crops were citruses-Migrants faced hostility from Californians but began filling important roles in California’s expanding economyMEXICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITIES-Many Mexican Americans, afraid of foreign competition, left California to go back to Mexico-Causes: Fear of “Okies” taking jobs, federal government’s deportation policy which fostered racism, loss of jobs

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