4 arthritis deeper insight 95 types of joint

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synovial joints; terminology of joint movements; knee injuries (Deeper Insight 9.4); arthritis (Deeper Insight 9.5); types of joint disorders (table 9.1). I will not test in lecture on: bony, fibrous, or cartilaginous joints; anatomy of the shoulder, elbow, hip, or knee joints. Pay special attention to: Figures 9.5, 9.8, 9.9, 9.12–9.22. Muscles (chapters 10– 11) General introduction to muscles (chapter 10): Muscle functions, connective tissues of a muscle, muscle shapes, functional categories of muscles, intrinsic vs. extrinsic muscles, and muscle innervation. In chapter 11: Characteristics of muscle: Characteristics of muscular tissue, properties of skeletal muscle. Structure of a muscle fiber: Organelles and internal organization of a skeletal muscle fiber, composition of the myofilaments, myosin and actin especially, and how to account for the striations of muscle. Nerve-muscle relationship: The motor unit concept, structure of the neuromuscular junction, functions of its components, and the basis for resting membrane potentials and action potentials. Behavior of the muscle fiber: The four stages in a complete cycle of muscle stimulation, contraction, and relaxation, details of what occurs in each stage, why the length–tension relationship exists, and how that relates to the amount of force a muscle can generate. Whole-muscle behavior: Distinctions between twitch, treppe, incomplete tetanus, and complete tetanus; which of these are most relevant to normal function in the body; types of isometric and isotonic contraction. Muscle metabolism: The different ways a muscle can produce or regenerate ATP in different stages of an exercise; what accounts for fatigue and oxygen debt; differences between slow- and fast-twitch fibers and how these relate to different types of motor performance of the body; variables that determine muscular strength. Cardiac and smooth muscle: How these differ structurally and functionally from skeletal muscle; how structural differences relate to the roles the muscle types play; smooth muscle especially, because cardiac is covered more in A&P II. I will not test on: Deeper Insight 11.3. Pay special attention to: Figures 10.1, 11.2–11.19; tables 11.1–11.3, 11.5.
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  • Fall '11
  • KennethSaladin
  • Biology, Bone marrow, deeper insight

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