Quality of play of a child should suffer if mom

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– quality of play of a child should suffer if mom leaves o Child in child care or day care won’t be as distressed when the mom leaves while she’s playing o Stranger comforting the child is not as effective as the mom comforting the child Object permanence – knowing that something is still there even if you cannot see it, not seen in very young kids Attachment Strange situation task – developed by Mary Ainsworth to assess individual differences and how securely attaches a child was to his or her caregiver o (1) Primary caregiver leaves child w/ stranger (2) observe baby behavior w/ stranger (3) reunion Secure attachment style – child will be distressed if caregiver leaves and be more distracted during play o Child will have positive reunion where they are easily comforted when caregiver returns Avoidant attachment style – child will be nonchalant if caregiver leaves, play may be affected o Child may ignore caregiver when they return Anxious attachment style – child is incredibly distraught when caregiver leaves, play is very affected o Child cannot be comforted by caregiver when she returns Avoidant and anxious attachment styles are associated w/ less good social & emotional functioning later on in life o Secure attachment style is associated w/ best emotional functioning Toddler Demonstration Research says that primary attachment figure for most people is the mom o Mom is more likely to be involved in hands-on infant care and feeding when child is young Children are no more likely to be securely attached if their mom stays home, works full time, or works part time o Working doesn’t seem to govern how securely attached a child is to their parent o Key is how consistently the parent responds to child’s emotional and physical needs
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Children are flexible – they can form attachment w/ multiple people as long as there’s consistency & stability False belief concept is lacking usually in children around age of 3 o Children at age 4-5 will start understanding that 2 people can have different beliefs about things that conflict, and that people can believe things that contradict reality Play is how children learn – they make rules, test hypothesis, acting out situations, thinking about what to believe Lecture 12 – Adolescent Development Psychology in the News A young child would have different thoughts compared to an adult about the morality of an action Moral development – focuses on how peoples’ opinions of moral activities changes as people get older Study looked at how children viewed moral acts compared to adults – it was a critical comparison o Most children think it’s more moral if the person who doesn’t have temptation and decides not to steal o Moral intuition of adults is different – they think it’s more moral to be tempted to steal but not steal o Children emphasize purity of your heart while adults value struggle to overcome temptation Development
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