Intentional breaking of a law in a nonviolent or

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intentional breaking of a law in a nonviolent or passive manner Civil Rights Movement – social movement of the 1950s and 1960s to establish equality and civil rights for African Americans Integration – acceptance and equal access for all people into a group or place Segregation – enforced separation of groups Social activism – use of direct action to bring about social change 7.03: Minority Rights: The Big Ideas How were the Civil Rights Movement and other social movements of the 1960s similar? They all used sit-ins, boycotts, and marches. How were women viewed by most of society in the 1950s? How did this change in the 1960s? In the 50s, a woman’s place was viewed at home, rearing children, and tending to her husband. In the 60s, it began to become the norm for women to have jobs equal to those of men. Who were the United Farm Workers? How did they fight for their cause? Labor union formed by Cesar Chavez. Part of the Delano Grape Strike. Signed contracts with different companies agreeing to better working conditions for various groups of workers across the country What was the Native American Power movement? Native Americans formed NCAI. Native Americans marched and did “fish-ins” How did life change for Native Americans in 1953? Congress passed a law that ended the status of Native Americans as wards of the U.S. and required ending the reservation system and special services to Native American tribes. It also approved a voluntary relocation program to urban areas that would assist Native Americans with finding jobs and places to live. What did Native Americans gain through social activism in the 1960s and early 1970s? In 1968, the Supreme Court ruled states couldn’t take away Native American rights to hunt and fish on lands they received through past treaty agreements. People National Organization for Women (NOW): wanted to force the government to enforce employment section of 1964 Civil Rights Act Betty Friedan: formed NOW Phyllis Schlafly: began STOP ERA Cesar Chavez: began to organize farm workers to Events (Describe the event, its causes and effects) Civil Rights Act of 1964: Title III prohibited segregation and discrimination in public places based on “race, color, religion, or national origin”; Title VII included “sex” Caused prevented discrimination against minorities Caused by the social movements of the 60s 1961 - President's Commission on the Status of Women: President Kennedy signed an executive order that required government contractors to “take affirmative
demand better pay and enforcement of California labor laws action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to peace, creed, color, or national origin” Caused the 1963 Equality Pay Act Title IX was passed prohibits discrimination based on gender in education programs funded by the government Caused school sports to not have discrimination Caused by Women’s Movement Roe v. Wade : woman has a legal right to an abortion Delano Grape Strike: workers in grape industry walked

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