Asia for asians eager to build greater east asia co

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- “Asia for Asians” eager to build “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” actual meaning “Asia for Japanese” Defeat of the Axis Powers - US supplied war for various nations - US turned war in favor of Allies after joining Allied Victory in Europe - Fight at Berlin kicked Germans out - Red Army greatly damaged German force - Germans surrendered when US bombed from above and British fired on land - Hitler commits suicide Turning the Tide in the Pacific - Island-hopping strategy; capturing islands to locate bases (US) to attack Japan o Iwo Jima and Okinawa moved bases there to threaten Japan o Kamikaze; pilots who aired bombs into the two islands on US base (dive-bomb) Japanese Surrender - Used atomic bomb in Japan Hiroshima and Nagasaki (vaporized or radiation poisoning) Soviet joined o Emperor Hirohito surrendered - Fall of Saipan and the two-island incident along with continuous bombing causes devastating casualties Life During Wartime - Brutal Occupation, Collaboration, and Resistance - Puppet governments and direct military control over territories claimed by Japan - Conquered territories went under direct military rule as a prelude for harsh occupation, economic exploitation, and German settlement Exploitation - Slave labor in lands occupied by Japan and Germany (work camps and war industries) o Same with China and Korea Collaboration and Resistance - Collaboration offered means to obtain more power - Resistance (sabotage, armed assault on occupation forces, and assassinations - Destroyed ammunition dumps and communication and transportation facilities - Political parties, labor unions, and churches destroyed o Acts were considered ineffective in Germany and Japan
Atrocities - Reinhard Heydrich; Nazi official assassinated by Czech resistance o Nazi eliminated village of Lidice as punishment - Chinese caught leaving work camps were brutally tortured to death The Holocaust - Nazi killed undesirables - Genocidal policies - Almost wiped out Jewish population The Final Solution - SS Einsatzgruppen “action squads” to kill entire population of Jews and Romans, and non-Jewish Slavs in newly occupied territories - Entailed the attempted murder of every Jew living in Europe - Wannsee Conference fifteen leading Nazi bureaucrats agreed to evacuate all Jews from Europe to camps in eastern Poland o Once there they worked to death or were exterminated - Rounded up Jews and transported them through railroad to concentration camps in Poland o Camps: Belzec, Treblinka, Auschwitz o Nazi personnel would suspect individuals and kill them too - Yalta Stalin ensured Red Army would dictate the future of states liberated by the Soviets o Potsdam Truman initiated the precapitalistic, pro-democracy - Allies agreed on the dismemberment of the Axis states and their possessions - Soviet took over eastern sections of Germany - United States, Britain, and France occupied the western portions - Capital city of Berlin remained under control of all four powers - Churchill “iron curtain”

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