complex: “An interrelated constellation of
patrilineality, patrilocality, warfare, and male supremacy” (Kottak
2010: 458, 323).
Kottak Chapter 12: Political Systems
: “Social status that comes through talents, actions,
efforts, activities, and accomplishments, rather than ascription” (Kottak
2010: 449, 268).
“Social status (e.g., race or gender) that people
have little or no choice about occupying” (Kottak 2010: 450, 268).
: “Closed, hereditary system of stratification, often
dictated by religion; hierarchical social status is ascribed at birth, so
that people are locked into their parents’ social position” (Kottak 2010:
“Any position that determines where someone fits in society;
may be ascribed or achieved” (Kottak 2010: 461, 268).
“Characteristic of a system with socioeconomic strata”
(Kottak 2010: 461, 193, 277).
Types of political Formations/leaders organized in terms of types of
“Basic unit of social organization among foragers.
band includes fewer than one hundred people; it often splits
up seasonally” (Kottak 2010: 450, 238, 262).
Powerless form of leadership.
Person has ability
to resolve conflict without force, but rather persuasion, and
Conflict and resolution within family
“Form of sociopolitical organization intermediate
between the tribe and the state; kin-based with differential
access to resources and a permanent political structure.
rank society in which relations among villages as well as
among individuals are unequal, with smaller villages under